Basic Law (Pollona)
The Basic Law (Czech:Základním Zákonem or The Fundamental Law) is the written constitution and supreme law of the Republic of Pollona. Consisting of eight chapters, the Basic Law outlines the responsibilities of the federal government, delineates the separation of powers between government branches, and enumerates a series of universal rights and freedoms for its citizens. The Basic Law has been amended 18 times since its ratification in 1922. Any amendment requires a double majority of states and citizens in a national referendum to modify. In 1980 and 2003, the country formally entrenched the Chapter 1 fundamental rights, prohibiting their alteration or deletion from the Basic Law.
The Basic Law is technically the Republic's second constitution, but its first codified constitution. The revolutionary republic of 1919-1921 ran on ad hoc procedures enacted in the July Articles. The Basic Law itself was a moderate byproduct of the Revolution, especially on the question of federation.
The Basic Law is unique among other constitutions in Maredoratica for its lengthy preamble, one that explicit defines the Pollonan Government as a social contract for a "free society." Drawing on the philosophy of Legal Populism, the preamble and constitution stem from the Legalist tradition of popular government ruled by higher law. The Basic Law was at the time, particularly liberal on issues like women's equality, due process, and property rights.
The Basic Law is unique in Maredoratica for its lengthy preamble, rooted in liberal democratic ideals. The drafters of the Basic Law rooted their justification for the new document on theories of natural rights, the social contract, and the sanction of Christian ethics.