Basic Law (Taihei Tengoku)

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The Basic Law (基本法, Kihonhō) of Taihei Tengoku is the basic law and de facto constitution of Taihei Tengoku. The legal basis of the country, as per Article 1 of the Basic Law, is the Bible and its collected exegetical commentaries. While the Basic Law describes itself as a temporary measure to maintain order in preparation for the Second Coming, it has most of the features of the constitutions of other states. It is the shortest written constitution in Maredoratica.

Contents

The Basic Law establishes the justification, structure, role, and limitations of the government administering Taihei Tengoku. Notably, Taihei Tengoku is never mentioned by name in the Basic Law and all articles but the preamble end with the clause, "until such a time when the LORD shall return to the world to mete His verdict on all that has been done."

Preamble

The preamble describes the purpose of the Basic Law. Taihei Tengoku is referred to indirectly as a realm of "great peace."

Article 1

Article 1 of the Basic Law affirms "the sole authority of this world resides in the LORD its Creator and his one and only begotten son, Mikhael the Heavenly King-of-Kings." It establishes the basis of Taihei jurisprudence by declaring biblical law, derived from the Ten Commandments and a "sincere, enlightened, and faithful reading of the Holy Bible" the law of the territory administered by a Christian government residing in Nara until the time of the Second Coming.

Article 2

Article 2 declares Mikhael of Corum the Heavenly King (天皇) of Taihei Tengoku.

Article 3

Article 3 establishes the Temporal Regency of seven elected kings, one for each cardinal direction, a Wing King, a Mu (Martial) King, and a Hei (Peace) King. The Regency has the power to form a government, command armies, and conduct diplomacy, and to appoint officers "of a reasonable quantity" to do so in their stead.

Article 4

Article 4 establishes the Final Court (最終館, Saishūkan) to interpret and rule on Biblical law. It is a sanhedrin of 71 judges chosen by the people, which can issue binding rulings and statutes, and has the authority to collect taxes. It compels the Court to establish and maintain a military force to safeguard the realm, and gives it the power to appoint and elect officers to lead it. It empowers and compels the Final Court to elect Regents in a timely manner.

Article 5

Article 5 establishes a "penultimate court" of 23 judges to compile and maintain the commentaries on the Bible.

Article 6

Article 6 is the first of the "restrictive articles." It forbids the government from "violating the integrity of the Christian covenant and its believers" by forcing conversions or forcibly disrupting congregations of dissenters (in Taihei jurisprudence, all religions outside of Rabbinic Calvinism are considered heresies). This establishes the freedoms of assembly, worship, and speech.

Article 7

Article 7 prevents the judges from punishing "lawful commerce," and from "breaking the Law or the Covenant itself in the course of its enforcement." The article guarantees a wide range of civil liberties, from due process, against self-incrimination, indefinite detention, the right to keep and bear arms, and enshrines a large degree of laissez-faire in Taihei Tengoku against government intervention.

Amendments

The Basic Law cannot be amended, instead it must be revised and passed anew. This was last done in 1975, revising Article 4 to expand the Regency from five to seven people and to revise the basis of selection and the powers of each king. The 1975 revision also added Articles 6 and 7 specifically enumerating the liberties of Taihei citizens for the first time.

See also