Côte d'Or

From MareWiki
Jump to: navigation, search
The Republic of Gold Coast
République de Côte d'Or
Flag
Motto: Unité, Dignité, Travail
Location of Côte d'Or
CapitalRufisque
Official languages French
Recognised regional languages Songe, Swahili
Demonym Orian
Government Semi-presidential republic
 •  President René du Plessis
 •  Prime Minister Ange-Félix Doté
Legislature Assemblée de la République
Independence from the Maalukhiri Free State
 •  as Morivaine Protectorate 1865 
 •  as Independent Republic 1973 
Population
 •  2010 census 68,843,439
GDP (PPP) 2014 estimate
 •  Total $166 Billion
 •  Per capita $2,425
Currency Orian Écu ()

The Republic of Côte d'Or (French: Côte d'Or) is nation located on the continent of Alqosia and is a former Morivaine territorial possession. Côte d'Or occupies an area of roughly xxx square kilometers, some of which is disputed by both the Maalukhiri Free State and Kobia-Kobia, and is home to a population of 68.8 million people. The population is split amongst local ethnicities and white settlers known as the "Pieds-noirs." The government of Côte d'Or is a semi-presidential republic headed by both President René du Plessis and Prime Minister Ange-Félix Doté.

The area of what is today Côte d'Or was formerly the Korhogo region of the Maalukhiri Free State. Morivaine traders began to frequent the area during the 1810's looking for new markets for Morivaine goods and access to the ample natural resources in the Korhogo region. In 1865, as the situation in Maalukhir devolved into factional violence, a Morivaine expedition with local support removed central government officials from their offices and replaced the regional government with Morivaine officials, starting the First Morivaine-Maalukhiri War. The signing of the Treaty of Fort Saint-Louis in 1869 would officially end the conflict and recognize Morivaine land claims to the various islands in the Carvaire Gulf, but did not cede any part of the mainland. Conflicts and disagreements about the nature of the Treaty and its terms continue to be a major source of conflict between Côte d'Or and the Maalukhiri Free State.

Following independence in 1973, the newly formed Republic of Côte d'Or retained French as its official language and still remains a predominantly Sévéracois Catholic with a minority of citizens retaining traditional tribal religions. The economy is heavily agriculturally based, with trade centered on cocoa cultivation and other food stuffs. Minor deposits of a rare minerals, such as diamonds, have been found in some of the disputed zones.

History

First Morivaine-Maalukhiri War

As Morivaine trading and unofficial settlement in the Korhogo region was beginning to speed up in the early 1860's, the period of factional violence in Maalukhiri was reaching its peak as regional kingdoms across what is now the Free State contested the central government's hold on their lands. Local groups, instigated and supported by white Morivaine settlers, rose against the central government and called for Morivaine support. While officially the Morivaine government denied involvement, the appearance of a Morivaine fleet with embarked troops of the National Guard within a few days of the local call for help has led many historians to complete reject the idea that the Morivaine government wasn't involved.

To be discussed: landings, summary of campaign, impact, results.

Government and politics

After gaining independence from Morivaine in 1973, Côte d'Or has implemented and maintained a semi-presidential republican government with the capital remaining in the important port city, and former colonial capital, Rufisque. The Constitution of 1974 established the three branches of government that characterize the Orian government today. As is traditional with semi-presidential republics, the President of Côte d'Or primarily concerns himself with the foreign issues and relationships, primarily dealing with the the Maalukhiri Free State and Morieux. The Prime Minister, chosen by the unicameral Assemblée de la République from the majority party, is charged with dealing with domestic issues and disputes.

Presidential elections are held every four years and include two rounds of voting while elections for the Assemblée are not held at fixed intervals. Instead, the parliamentary sessions lasts from the last election until the Governor General dissolves parliament. The Position of Governor General is generally chosen from a pool of former parliamentary and government officials, often of Pied-noir background. The last branch of government, the judiciary, comprise of a administrative court and a constitutional court, both of which are headed at the highest levels by five justices who serve twenty year terms. Justices are nominated by the Prime Minister, voted upon by the Assemblée and confirmed by the President.

Geography

File:CôtedOrInterior.jpg
Typical dirt road in the interior of the country.

The terrain of Côte d'Or is characterized by a sizable coastal plain that gradually rises from sea level in the west to higher elevations in the east. Coastal marshes and dense tropical moist forests that stretch deep into the interior in the northern half of the country. The central portion of the country is dominated by interlaced forest, savanna, and grassland that provides much of the farm land in the country. The extreme southern portion of the country is characterized by drier brushland and savannah, though portions near the Comoé and Lopori rivers are as fertile as the land in the northern half of the country. Much of the crops market for export to Morieux and other foreign markets comes from the northern and western regions while much of the production of farms along the rivers provide the crops for domestic consumption. The Gulf Islands vary in nature, many being formerly densely covered in topical moist forest before heavy development began in the late 19th century. Today, many of the islands retain bits of their moist tropical forest though heavy urbanization is a heavy factor. Two northern most islands are home to small rocky mountains that rise out of forest areas, while the southern islands are characterized by rolling dunes and interior forests.

Climate

File:CôtedOr.jpg
Typical scene along the beach several kilometers south of Rufisque.

The climate of Côte d'Or is hot and humid for the most part. There are three seasons that characterize the year in Côte d'Or, hot and dry, hot and wet, and warm and dry with the most rain falling during the months May through August. Rainfall primarily is seen in the north and western regions of the country, with the south and east receiving less frequent rainfall. Temperatures rarely drop below 24°C and rarely exceed 32°C with the average temperature generally settling in the upper 20s. Sea temperature remains fairly warm throughout the year encouraging year long fishing seasons.

Military and Foreign relations

File:CôtedOrMilitia.jpg
Militia unit in the countryside.

Since gaining independence from Morieux in 1973, tensions between Côte d'Or and the Maalukhiri Free State have risen since independence, with more and more clashes taking place in the disputed zone.The Maalukhiri Free State challenges the legal standing of the Côte d'Or by citing the Treaty of Fort Saint-Louis, which grants sovereignty to Morieux only over the outlying islands and not the continent, thus giving it no legal right to grant Côte d'Or independence. Further boundary disputes have risen to the forefront with the neighboring states of x and y.

File:Côted'OrArmoredRegiment.jpg
Mechanized elements of the 3rd Rufisque Regiment.

The armed forces of Côte d'Or are composed of both a small professional force called the Forces républicaines de Côte d'Or (FRCO) and a wider, but poorly trained and equipped, militia force. The Forces républicaines maintains five regiments (three black, two white), of which one is mechanized. Equipment for the the Forces républicaines are well maintained but several generations behind the current state of the art. The air and naval arms have received several batches of equipment courtesy of the Morivaine government, but is still heavily reliant on Morivaine support for major operations. Morieux has established a series of naval bases in the country thanks to base sharing agreements that obviate Côte d'Or's financial burden of paying for and maintaining military bases of its own. Militia regiments are formed according to various geographic boundaries but exist mostly on paper, only generally fielding one company for their annual training maneuvers. Equipment is generally outdated and poorly maintained amongst the militia units, often leading to ad hoc weapons arrangements and a heavy reliance on civilian vehicles converted for military use, such as technicals.

Economy

Culture

Demographics