|Empire of Guurdalai
Ikh Güürkhun Ulus
Nomin Tenger Khoorond Tsogtoi
"Resplendent Between the Azure Heavens"
Bidnii Khairtai Uls
"Our Beloved Country"
Ezent Khaan Luu
"The Imperial Dragon"
|Recognised regional languages||Aröhjna|
|Ethnic groups (2013)||Närangols Template:* Salkhiars Template:* Styrian Template:* Rochehautese|
|Government||Parliamentary Constitutional Monarchy|
|•||Prime Minister||Jaoret Khaitömriin|
|•||Upper house||Pavilion of Colours|
|•||Lower house||House of Representatives|
|•||Democratic Restoration||23rd of October, 1952|
|•||Total||689,947 km2 (18th)
428,713 sq mi
|•||2015 estimate||88,942,656 (7th)|
|GDP (PPP)||2015 estimate|
|•||Total||₠1,77 trillion (14th)|
|•||Per capita||₠19,900.46 (26th)|
medium · 5th
|HDI (2015)|| 0.796
high · 9th
Era yy-m-d (AD−1993)
|Drives on the||left|
Guurdalai (/ɡjʊərdɑːlaɪ/; Narangol: ᠢᠺᠬ
ᠦᠯᠦᠰ Ikh Guurkhun Uls), officially the Empire of Guurdalai, is a country in Southeastern Wilassia. Situated between the Pearl Sea and the Coventic Ocean, it covers over eight thousand islands in the Golgazar and shares a single maritime border with Rochehaut. The three largest islands are Ondorni, Sharsan, and Khavirgan.
Guurdalai is a constitutional monarchy with a parliamentary system of governance. The current monarch is Soljinzayaa Khaan and the current Prime Minister —since 23 October 2011— is Jaoret Khaitomriin. The country is divided into thirty-four provinces and a municipal territory. Its capital city is Sükhbaatar, an important global centre of trade and industry. Guurdalai has an estimated population of over 88 million people and is the seventh most populous nation in the world. Guurkhun people make up about 68.3% of the population, with the remainder being comprised of native Carolingian and immigrant populations.
Archaeological evidence shows that Guurdalai has been inhabited by early hominids for approximately 1.2 million years. Modern Homo sapiens reached the Carolines approximately 50,000 years ago, but extensive settlement did not occur until around 3000 BCE when Austronesian peoples arrived from Alqosia. A seafaring Altaic culture from the area of Taihei Tengoku began to settle in the islands around 300 BCE and eventually supplanted the Austronesian population in most regions. The introduction of agriculture and new technologies with this second wave led to the emergence of larger human settlements and the Narangol civilisation. Successive empires, kingdoms, republics, and confederations governed regions of Guurdalai until King Songoson of Khuvshurgaan unified the country with Styrian aid in 1821.
The First Empire rapidly westernised and industrialised to became a major regional power during the late 19th century. Economic and military growth continued until Guurdalai's defeat during the Great Maredoratic War in 1918. Morieux and Jungastia occupied Guurdalai until 1923 and aided in the instalment of a democratic government known as the Second Empire. The rise of the fascist Ündserkheg Part, led by Khiyat Suudriin, brought about a civil war in 1935. By early 1936, Loyalist forces had been defeated and the democratic government forced into exile. The Third Empire was established that year as a dictatorial fascist state. It would last until 1952 when an internationally backed liberation force achieved victory and returned the democratic government to power.
Present day Guurdalai is a developing country with the 14th largest economy in the world by GDP(PPP) and 27th largest by GDP per capita. Guurdalai's population is rapidly expanding and its economy has more than tripled since 1952. The country has abundant natural resources like oil and natural gas, tin, copper and gold. Agriculture mainly produces rice, tea, coffee, spices and rubber. Guurdalai is a member of various other international bodies such as the Maredoratic League.
- 1 Etymology
- 2 History
- 3 Geography & Environment
- 4 Government and Politics
- 5 Economy
- 6 Demographics
- 7 Culture
The modern name Guurdalai was adopted through imperial edict in 1821 by Songoson Khaan. It had been chosen by the Khaan himself and the Ugsralt, from a religious phrase found in the Solongoor creation myth, "... bolon Burkhand Dalai Tengri Golgazryn züilstei khamgaalalt güür khürteesen" or "... and to Dalai, He bestowed the guardianship of the realm of the First Lands". The country's official name, Ikh Guurkhun Ulus (lit. "Great People of the Realm State"), is also derived from this phrase and is typically translated as "Empire of Guurdalai". Citizens of Guurdalai are known by the civic endonym Guurkhun, although the ethnic endonym "Narangol" is mistakenly used interchangeably by many foreign sources.
Prior to unification, the region that now makes Guurdalai had historically been known by a variety of names. Native languages and ethnic groups each have their own names for the region and the modern country.
Carbon dating of palaeolithic sites in Guurdalai, such as Dörjankhan, shows that Homo erectus inhabited the region approximately 1.2 million years ago. A similar site within the vicinity has also yielded remarkably well preserved examples of Homo Sapiens which date to as early as 50,000 BCE. Seafaring Austronesian peoples migrated to Southeast Wilassia from Alqosia around 2000 BCE and are believed to have then expanded across the Carolines and the Coventic. Crops such as taro, yams, coconuts, and breadfruits were introduced along with pigs, dogs, and poultry. The Oroomog culture was the most widespread and was notable for its numerous sedentary villages and elaborate pottery. These original inhabitants are the ancestors of the contemporary Salkhiars, Maoloka'i, and various other indigenous peoples in Guurdalai and Rochehaut.
Around 400 BCE, the first of several waves of seafaring peoples from mainland Wilassia arrived. This group, known as the "Tamsag Culture", brought rice cultivation, oxen, horses new pottery techniques, and metallurgy to Guurdalai. The Tamsag spread rapidly throughout the major islands of the Carolines, with Austronesian remains from the era indicating that some regions experiencing heavy warfare, while others were assimilated peacefully. Excavations at Tarkhsanbuudai and Nugaskhana show that this expansion had reached southern Guurdalai by 500 CE.
clan polities > Sunud States & Khürelbaryn Dynasty>
Khongkhotan League / Sentiinüneg Empire > Onggirat Period > Irinzögaii Empire > Arkhangol Empire
File:SakaiJiken.jpg|thumb|right|200px|(City) Incident File:Fort Zealandia Taiwan.jpg|thumb|left|200px|Battle of Fort William
Unification and First Empire (1797-1918)
Extensive warfare across Guurdalai had largely subsided by the late 18th century, with larger successor states coalescing through conquest, marriage, or vassalisation. The most prominent of these were (Nation), (Nation), (Nation), and the Jadaran Confederacy.
Prince Jayatuu of (Nation) ascended to the throne in 1797 at only 15 years old and took the regnal name Temujiin. A series of assassinations and kidnappings followed, as rival family members and officials vied to become regent. The queen dowager Samur survived several of these attempts and succeeded in crushing her opponents by September of that year. Samur was the daughter of King ____ of (Nation), and was well known for defying traditional gender roles. She had been educated by Alisnan tutors and proved herself to be a skilled tactician, diplomat, and reformer. Her rise to power was tempered by the Maikhan system of many Guurkhun states, and placed her at odds with the real authority in (Nation), Jonon ____. Tensions rose steadily over the next five years, as Samur continued to build a support base and enact those reform efforts she was permitted to make. The introduction of Alisnan military advisers to the court in 1801 brought tensions to a boiling point. Jonon _____, interpreting this as the prelude to his removal, ordered the assassination of Samur. The attempt grievously wounded the Dowager Regent, but failed to kill her. Temujiin smuggled his wounded mother out of the capital and immediately began to marshal forces loyal to him. A spy within the Jonon's household later confirmed suspicions of his role in the assassination attempt. Within days, forces loyal to the crown had filtered into Sukhbaatar and taken up key positions around the city. The brutal Orchid Coup that followed saw much of Sukhbaatar burned to the ground and hundreds die on both sides. Jonon _____ committed gedestai after the third day of fighting as the last of his defences at Yasanger Castle were breached.
While the process of modernising the military and the country itself had begun during her husband's reign, the most sweeping reforms and advances were made under Samur's direction.
Occupation and Second Empire (1918-1936)
In the catastrophic wake of Guurdalai's defeat by the Coalition and the ratification of the Treaty of Vienne, Guurdalai came under joint Morivaine and Jungastian military occupation. The new governing body, known as the Coalition Military Command, immediately began the process of demilitarising Guurdalai and transitioning it to democracy. A constitutional monarchy and unicameral parliament were established, but both entities would act primarily as a rubber stamp for CMC proposals. The first national election was scheduled for 11 August, but was only open to parties and candidates vetted by the CMC. Conservative and nationalist movements, most of which had members barred from running, boycotted the election and refused to accept the consequently liberal and populist government.
Dornogovi Ayiitbankar, leader of the social-democratic Shine Naidaj coalition, became Guurdalai's first Prime Minister. Ayiitbankar's term was immediately plagued by a severe economic depression, widespread rioting, and terrorism directed at Coalition forces. A massive earthquake and tsunami in 1920 also resulted in over ₠500 billion in damages and a death toll around 113,000. Mismanagement of the relief effort and a lack of funding, despite Coalition aid, sparked further widespread protesting. While visiting the heavily damaged city of Togürik, a young woman named Ma'alikh Altantsetseg approached the Prime Minister and other party officials to detonate a shrapnel bomb hidden with a swaddled infant. Ayiitbankaar and twelve other individuals within the vicinity were immediately killed, while a further twenty-four were seriously injured.
With its leadership removed, the Shine Naidaj Coalition dissolved and was removed from power in the 1921 snap elections. The more conservative Amar Amgalan Party captured two-thirds of the seats in Parliament and appointed Ikhires Sharzagas to serve as Prime Minister. Sharzagas assumed direct control over relief efforts and entered into talks with traditionalist factions. In exchange for a new constitution and an end to the occupation, traditionalist leaders agreed to engage in new national elections and to end their insurgency efforts. Public confidence in the government recovered, but the Empire was still considered politically fragile by its leadership and foreign governments.
The instability of the early 20's pushed many working class and impoverished Guurkhun to adopt more radical ideologies such as fascism, communism and socialism. By early 1930, the relatively unknown fascist Ündserkheg party had made significant inroads into provincial legislatures and had secured fifteen seats in Parliament. Despite their rising fortunes, the Ündserkheg were not seen as a serious political contender by the super-majority Amar Amgalan party. Fascist rallies and parades continued to grow in size; however, with independent polls placing the fascists as the second most popular party in the Empire by 1931. The spike in support is attributed by historians to the economic havoc wrought by wartime damages, reparations, and political instability. Unemployment had soared to almost 32.6% and hyper-inflation of the Atlansaas had devalued the currency by almost a thousand fold. Strikes and riots were paralysing the nation and, with electoral defeat imminent, Amar Amgalan MPs voted overwhelmingly to restrict ballot access and to award emergency powers to the incumbent Prime Minister Khorimed Bat-Erdene.
Fascist leader Khiyat Suudriin condemned the measures and issued calls for all citizens to boycott the elections. As tensions between the two parties escalated to violence on the floor, Bat-Erdene ordered the arrest of Ündserkheg leaders and banned the party. While the Imperial Guard successfully captured 47 MP's, Süüdriin and his allies evaded their efforts and escaped to the strongly supportive region of Ovorkhangai. Upon arriving, he was welcomed to cheering crowds in Kharakorin and was elected unanimously by an impromptu opposition parliament as the rightful Prime Minister of Guurdalai. International bodies and governments expressed concern over the issue and attempted to mediate a solution, but were rebuked by both sides.
Civil War & Third Empire (1935-1952)
In April 1935, military elements that had defected to the Ündserkheg engaged Loyalist troops at Bagakhangai and began the Guurkhun Civil War. Popular opinion across the Empire quickly swung in favour of the fascists who were seen as liberators from economic hardship and foreign subversion. Emperor Ariunzov attempted to intervene, but was countered by Ündserkheg propaganda that claimed he was being forced to speak out against Suudriin by foreign elements. A widely broadcast re-affirmation of Suudriin's "loyalty to the throne" and "determination to free the Emperor" is also attributed to the failure of Ariunzov's efforts. As the war progressed, military defection and shifting public support crippled the Loyalists and left them outnumbered by as much as 5:1 in latter battles. The increasingly overwhelming disparity allowed the Ündserkheg to capture most of the Empire within five months and to decisively crush the last major defensive position at Choibalsan. Emperor Ariunzov, who had been leading the defence of the city from the ground, was killed by shrapnel. Princess Sarnai was hastily crowned Empress and smuggled out of the Empire along with other high ranking government officials. Prince Khuchteinar, her twin brother, elected to stay in Guurdalai to lead the remaining defence forces. The remainder of the Loyalists retreated to Sukhbaatar and took up positions along the Tömorshugam: a series of modernised fortifications surrounding the capital. By the 12th of February, Ündserkheg forces had exhausted the ammunition stores of the defenders and were advancing on the city. A brief bout of urban engagements followed before Khuchteinar ordered General Olzhas and the acting government under Lord Dargajiit to surrender.
Guurdalai, now under the complete control of the Ündserkheg, was rapidly transformed into a fascist single party dictatorship under Suudriin.
Fourth Empire (1952-Present)Loyalist forces under the command of General continued their pincer advance towards Dustanbar until finally pushing the remainder of the Ündserkheg to Kharsaiz Island on the 3rd of November, 1951. Naval and aerial elements under the command of Styrian and Morivaine attaches proceeded to bombard coastal defences and interior targets relentlessly. The majority of the island had been recaptured by the 20th, with the exception of an underground mountain compound where the Ündserkheg leadership and their Houses had taken refuge. Loyalist troops were prevented from entering the compound for a further two days due to suicide bombers and the last remaining Ündserkheg regiments. General Biyakhor Temüruk was the last surviving external defender and committed ariunükhel before he could be apprehended. Troops then proceeded inward and discovered that Süüdriin, House Khiyat, the Yerönkhii Council and their respective houses had also committed suicide. Shortly thereafter; Grand Chamberlain Khartsai Salkhimoro opened the doors of the nearby temple room to inform General that the Emperor had surrendered. Later war-crimes investigations would exonerate Kuchteinar: finding that he had never received any of the allied ultimatums and had only become aware of Guurdalai's imminent defeat in December. The Third Empire was officially dissolved the next morning and was replaced by the Democratic Provisional State of Guurdalai led by the Democratic Transitional Council.
An international military and humanitarian presence remained in Guurdalai until 1954 to aid in it's reconstruction and democratic transition. While the nation had been aggressively transformed into a one-party state during Süüdriin's rule; key leaders of Guurdalai's former political parties had successfully remained hidden or had fled the country. Such figures resurfaced at the announcement of constitutional conferences and refounded their parties. The Heaven's Might Party, Citizen's Republican Party, Progressive Party and the Jade Lotus Party eventually emerged as the largest political contenders. Heaven's Might supporters and Progressive supporters formed the majority of the assembly and fiercely contested one and other for control. Despite significant mediation efforts by ML officials, ideological differences and political maneuvering resulted in an impasse by late August.
Geography & Environment
this all sucks Guurdalai is located in south-eastern Wilassia lies between latitudes 19° and 26°N, and longitudes 133° and 163°E. It consists of 4,973 islands, 632 of which are inhabited. The main islands, from west to east, are Khavirgan, Sharsan, and Ondorni. The Khiliin Islands extend to the west from Khavirgan. The Shurengin Islands are a volcanic chain south of Ondorni. Together they form the southern portion of the Caroline Archipelago.
At ____ square kilometres, Guurdalai is the world's __th largest country in terms of land area and world's _th largest country in terms of combined sea and land area. Guurdalai's tallest peak, Mt. _____, and largest lake, _______, are both located on Ondorni.
About 67% of Guurdalai is forested, mountainous, and unsuitable for agricultural, industrial, or residential use. As a result, the habitable zones, mainly located in coastal areas and river valleys, have extremely high population densities. Guurdalai is one of the most densely populated countries in the world.
Guurdalai lies on the Tropic of Cancer, and its general climate is marine tropical.
Government and Politicsparliamentary democracy and constitutional monarchy. The current government was founded in 1952 following liberation and the drafting of a new constitution. Universal suffrage is guaranteed to all citizens over the age of 18 and most ideologies are sanctioned under the constitution. Article -; Section -- officially divides power amongst the imperial, Soljinzayaa is the current Khaan of Guurdalai and has reigned since his coronation in 1993. As the monarchy has been stripped of its historical authority, executive power is now vested in the democratically elected Prime Minister of Guurdalai and his or her administration. The incumbent head of government is Jaoret Khaitömriin, who has served since 28 October 2011.
The Parliament of Guurdalai meets in Tsagaan Shuukhiin Palace and has two houses: the clan-elected Pavilion of Colours and the nationally elected House of Representatives. The Pavilion is a 371 member body formed by the elected Lord Generals of each Guurkhun clan. The House is comprised of 525 members who are elected by single member plurality and party lists. The number of seats in the House is apportioned for every _____ citizens. Both bodies serve five year terms, but the House has a limit of two consecutive terms for its members, whereas a Lord General can serve continuously if re-elected by their clan.
Foreign Relations and Military
Navy (Khölög Ord), Army (Armiin Ord), and Marine Corps (Tengisiin Ord). In keeping with its status as an archipelago, the largest of these branches is the navy, with a fleet of __ ships and submarines. Administration of the military is managed through the Ministry of Defence and the subsequent command structures of each branch. Guurdalai's total military expenditure stands at $61 billion, roughly 2.4% of the Imperial budget for 2014.
Guurdalai has historically been a highly martial society, with all males trained for combat and physical fitness from a young age. Such customs have disappeared from Guurkhun culture, but Imperial law mandates universal conscription of all able-bodied citizens into the armed forces or public service at the age of 18. The Commander-in-chief of the GEZ is de jure the Khaan; however, all powers of war and defence are actually vested within the Prime Minister and Parliament. As part of their stated duties, the armed forces are charged with defending the Empire against all armed aggression and with carrying out expeditionary orders of both humanitarian and offensive natures. Involvement in foreign conflicts has been rare and has pointedly been avoided by past Guurkhun governments as a matter of policy. Prime Minister Khaitomriin, elected in 2010, and Tengeriin Khuch have diverged from this precedent though, and have widely advocated for increased military cooperation with other members of the Safirza Accord.
Guurdalai is a unitary state with thirty-four provinces known as Aimag, each overseen by an elected governor, legislature and administrative bureaucracy. Provincial legislatures are modelled on the Imperial system, with mixed-representation between the Houses and common citizens. Each province is further divided into second level municipalities known as Sum and then into townships known as Düüreg. While most of the traditional noble estates were redistributed and reduced to the actual compounds of their Houses, certain large areas known as Talbai remain under the ownership of their Houses and are given autonomous status equal to that of the Düüreg.
Guurdalai has a collective capitalist economy marked by high levels of foreign investment and a large industrial manufacturing base. The Empire is ranked ____ largest by GDP(PPP) and _____ largest by GDP Per Capita in the world.
Guurdalai's population is estimated at around 87.6 million, with 53% of the population living on Öndörni. It is the largest in the Safirza Accord, sixth-largest in the Maredoratic League, and 12th largest in the world.
Approximately 81.5% of Guurkhun reported that they considered themselves to be a member of a specified faith in the 2014 census. The majority chose Solongoor and Sereesenism, followed by Christianity, Baildunism, folk religion, new age religions, and various other minority foreign faiths. 14.5% of respondents stated that they had no religion, with a further 4% not stating a religious preference. There is no census information on the denominational composition of the Christian communities, but it is estimated that 2.7% are Severacois Catholics and that the remaining .4% are Arian or Protestant.
A 2010 study on the number of devout followers of Solongoor revealed that the actual number of religious adherents, in contrast to purely cultural adherents, lies closer to 46%. Nevertheless, levels of participation remain high, especially during major festivals and temple rites.
Solongoor is the established religion of the Empire, but complete religious freedom is guaranteed under the constitution. The reigning monarch is considered semi-divine and leads major ceremonies, festivals, and temple rites.
Narangol is the official language of Guurdalai and is spoken almost universally throughout the country in some form. It is spoken as a first language by 96.1% of the population, with most Salkhiars (1.5%) and immigrants (2.4%) speaking it as a second language.
Kheshiin Narangol or Standard Narangol is the official dialect of the Empire and is the basis for all modern education. Various other dialects are spoken across the Golgazar and form a dialect continuum.
Narangol is an agglutinative language that is distinguished by its vowel harmony, complex syllabic structure, eight grammatical cases, and five voices.
Narangol is written vertically from left-to-right with the Khükhuree Bichikh alphabet.
German has historically been the most popular foreign language spoken in Guurdalai, but has since been eclipsed by the international lingua franca of French. German remains the second most common foreign language, and is still popular in schools and as a medium for business.
The rate of immigration to Guurdalai has fluctuated considerably throughout history, but has overall been low in comparison to other neighbouring nations. According to the Ministry of the Interior, there are roughly 1.7 million naturalised citizens in Guurdalai and a further 83,567 foreign nationals living for an extended period in the country on work visas.
The majority of immigration to the Empire comes from the fellow Safirza Accord nations of Styria and Ruccola. Both countries are exempt from Guurdalai's strict immigration policies and are part of a government programme to attract educated and skilled foreigners to boost the national economy. As of 2012, there were eighty-seven thousand Styrians, fifty-two thousand Rochehautese, one thousand Ruccolans, and thirty-one thousand immigrants of various other nationalities.
Guurdalai follows a modified version of jus sanguinis, whereby citizenship is only granted inherently when one or both parents are Guurkhun citizens. Prior to 1972, Guurdalai's unique social made it almost impossible for immigrants to fully integrate into Guurkhun society outside of marriage. The issue was brought to the fore of national discourse following the 1971 Kharakorin Riots when hundreds of immigrant minorities died in fires and ethnic violence. Prime Minister Sanjasuriin declared a national emergency and pushed through a controversial reform package which transformed the immigration process and created a means for future immigrants to assimilate.
Immigrants must enter the country legally and begin the intensive naturalisation process to achieve citizenship. Those who are approved for immigration must pass an initial background check and interview and then swear their allegiance to the Emperor and to Guurdalai. Immigrants are then placed in prepared Houses known as Urag Törliin Orkhiin based on nationality, native language, ethnicity, religion, and general background. The Noyoniin of these houses were chosen from among the already naturalised exemplary members of each community and are tasked with caring for the well being of their new family in the same capacity as traditional Noyoniin. At this stage, immigrants are considered permanent non-voting residents and have most rights accorded to them. Immigrants over the age of 10 must continue with a government provided course in Guurkhun culture, history, politics, and the Narangol language, until testing shows a proficiency in the subjects. After five years of continuous residency and with no criminal activity, immigrants will be transitioned to full citizenship.
As part of the Aldar Tsetseglej Reforms in the late 19th century, public education is constitutionally guaranteed to all Guurkhun from the age of two. While the original decrees provided for education only until the age of ten, successive governments have increased the magnitude of Article XX to include the provision of free education until graduation from the fourth year of post-secondary study. Imperial education is largely funded by the Ministry of Education and is currently set at 6.5% of the national GDP as of the 2013-2014 fiscal year.
Primary and secondary education in Guurdalai is provided by both public and private institutions and is compulsory between a child's first year of attendance and their twelfth year (the former typically starting at around the age of seven and the latter ending at around the age of seventeen). While approximately 87% of students attend purely academic schools known as Nom Surguuli, a variety of career oriented schools known as Ajilakh Surguuli are also provided.
Largest cities or towns in Guurdalai
2014 Imperial Census
Art & Architecture
Guurkhun cuisine is unique to the region and is primarily based on a marine diet accompanied by staple foods such as rice and noodles. These are typically prepared as a dish or soup with a variety of seasonal ingredients. In contrast to many Alisnan styles, traditional Guurkhun cuisine make sparring use of red meats, oils, fats, or dairy.
Tea consumption is an important aspect of Guurkhun culture and society and is the most widely drank beverage in the Empire.
To be rewritten
Modern Imperial fashions and clothing styles are heavily influenced by traditional attire, but have largely been abandoned in casual settings in favour of Alisnan garments. Varying styles of suits have become the norm for men's business and semi-formal attire, while the qipao or cheongsam paired with slacks has become the standard for women. Casual settings are much less conservative and allow for Guurkhun to wear jeans, t-shirts, skirts, tank tops,and other pieces. Youth culture has been the primary driving force behind this clothing transformation in Guurdalai, and has increasingly led the abandonment of traditional garments even in ceremony. Despite the decline of traditional attire, within the Empire, clothing still serves as an indicator of ones house, status, wealth, power and prestige. Native and naturalised members of the upper class continue to wear the traditional Khelberdsen for ceremonial purposes. Members of lesser houses commonly dress in cotton or hemp outfits of simple design and cut; whereas members of the greater houses commonly wear costly silks and linens of extravagant design and cut. Male attire consists of the khüzüüvchiin for informal occasions and the künziin for formal occasions Cuts, colours and designs for male outfits are continuous and sharp, of muted or corresponding tones and should emphasis the wearers stature and masculinity. Female attire consists of the informal urt yubka or the formal örgön khantsui and khantsui khalaat. Cuts, colours and designs for female outfits are often elaborate and bright, but generally are unique due to the aesthetics of the individual and current fashion trends. Those who are employed by and sworn to a particular House are considered Guurdalai's working class, and subsequently dress more accordingly with their occupations.
REWORK Guurkhun society primarily centres on the ancient Närangol concept of Tsus Khuulö, or "blood law", which emphasises honour codes, kinship loyalty, and a complex pseudo-caste system. The Empire still retains elements of its aristocratic and feudal past, but has largely liberalised and and transformed these elements into formalities or ceremonial positions. The örkhiin, or noble houses, form the basis of the traditional structure and are comprised of the ruling extended family and a varying number of hereditary bondsmen. Clans known as Büleg are formed by several related houses and function as loose economic and cooperative organisations. Houses and clans historically could also further organize into larger alliances known as parties or duguit to further certain agenda in the Grand Council and to elect the Jonon or "Warlord". These parties should not be confused with the Western concept of political parties; however, as modern Guurkhun political parties exist outside of and irrespective of the aforementioned social structures.
The semi-nomadic Salkhiar's are a notable exception to this system and instead organize themselves into patrilineal tribes. Such tribes disperse into their familial clans for the majority of the year and only congregate together during the winter months in coastal stilt-villages. An approximate 936,000 Salkhiar live in Guurdalai and hold special migratory-citizenship status along with numerous constitutional privileges.
Rework Women in Guurdalai have held a m and actively participated in politics, economics and warfare. Surviving texts from prior to this point show that the Närangol held a wide variety of gender related beliefs depending on their respective region. The spread of Solongoor during the 7thc. dramatically shifted Närangol beliefs; however, and slowly established a universally general doctrine of near equality for the archipelago. Temple records in major cities such as Qara Qorin, Taigolyn and Daruuq provide evidence that various legal rights (such as divorce, inheritance, custody and fair litigation) were afforded to women from the late 9thc. onward. A total of _____ women have been official sovereigns throughout Guurkhun history, with the latest having been Empress Narantuya.
|Prominent Socio-Political Bodies|
Physical fitness is highly prized by Guurkhun society and a rigorous sports or fitness regime is expected of all able-bodied citizens. Popular sports throughout the Empire include football, rugby, martial arts, cricket and various water sports.