|Official languages||Greek, Turkish|
|Minority languages||Arabic, Karamanite Latin|
|Sovereign states||Template:Country data VR
Template:Country data NRK
Template:Country data GHH
|•||President of the VR|
|•||President of the NRK||Erberk Ozdemir|
|•||President of the GHH||Mustafa Serkan Askoy|
97,084 sq mi
|Currency||Template:Country data NRK Karamish lira
Informally: Berrian écu, Morivaine écu, Van Luxemburger florin
|Time zone||EAMT (UTC+1)|
Karaman, also known as Vyzantion, is an island and cultural region in southern Alisna, located in the Eastern Maredoratic west of Galla and south of Berry, Questers, and the Aurélien Islands of Morieux. Three partially recognized states exercise sovereignty in Karaman; the National Republic of Karaman, the Provisional People's Government of Karaman, and the Holy Vyzantini Republic.
Karaman has a history [This is a true statement but needs to elaborated]
Sovereignty over Karaman is presently disputed, the result of the ongoing civil conflict in the country and foreign intervention in the country following the 2012 coup d'etat. The National Republic claims jurisdiction over the entirety of Karaman, which it disputes with the Provisional People's Government of Karaman; both states are not universally recognized. The National Republic in addition is only internationally recognized within the Izmir Line separating it from the partially recognized Holy Vyzantini Republic.
The name "Karaman" derives from the Turkic Karamanid Dynasty, which conquered present day Karaman in the ?? century. The name only became widespread in reference to the country the dynasty ruled over in the 19th century; the classical name for the island was "Vyzantion", which remained used in the west and at times in Karaman itself until the advent of Karamish nationalism, after which the "Greek" term Vyzantion fell out of favour.
Prehistory and antiquity
Present day Karaman was inhabited by Homo sapiens as early as 45,000 years ago, representing one of the earliest such habitations in Alisna. It was likely first settled by a prehistoric maritime group who spread along the shallow, calm seas of the Alisnan Straits after first arriving on the continent in what is now southwestern Jungastia. Karaman was an early center of neolithic culture in Maredoratica, and an early center for agriculture; the both the earliest known domestication of wheat and one of the earliest instances of domesticated cattle have been found in the basin of the Phrantes river.
Around 8500 BC, Yeroprinos (modern Giresun), the the oldest continuously inhabited city in the world, was established at the confluence of the Phrantes and Arandis. The Yeroprinites spoke a poorly attested language with no known familial connection to any modern or extinct language, which may have itself supplanted an earlier, unattested language in the area. The floodplain of the Phrantes and Arandis also nurtured other peoples in the early antiquity, most notably the Cummenites. The city of Kummeni was founded around 3400 BC, and around 2730 BC the Cummenite King Muzanadal conquered the fellow Cummenitic-speaking city state of Nawar. He went on to conquer Yeroprinos, and by the death of his son Hariyazu I in 2675 BC much of the island was ruled by the Cummenites. Hariyazu's state was the first true empire in known history. Hariyazu's reign also saw the wide adoption of the cuneiform script, to facilitate the imperial administration.
By 2000 BC, the Cummenitic Empire was in terminal decline, being supplanted by the Palamites; the final ruler of Kummeni, Pirkinnu, and his elder sister and regent Nawarkanazi, were overthrown by the Palamites in 1977 BC. The Palamites established a number of city-states, the most influential including Efchaneia (Corum), Mékestos (Simav), Miletopolis (Karacabey), Polydorion (Burdur), and Smyrna (Izmir), as well as colonies along the Alisnan coast as far west as Berry.
From around 80 BC, the island came under the influence and later control of the Sessitensian Empire, which was influenced by Late Classical Palamite culture. The mid 1st century AD saw the rise of Christianity, which supplanted traditional religion in Karaman, and spread rapidly to Borgosesia, and then to the rest of Maredoratica.
Royal Vyzantion and human migrations
During the long period of Sessitensian decline, the Palo-Sessitensian General Saulos Vyzantios established the King of Vyzantion in 397 AD. Over the course of the 5th century, the Sauline Dynasty ruled the island of Karaman from Efchaneia.
Mass migration across Maredoratica in the 6th century, particularly of the Germanic and Turkic peoples, left Alisna in chaos and weakened Vyzantion. Cut off from trade from the Alisnan continent, Athanasi led an expedition to northern Wilassia to mine silver thought to be in the Kovic Mountains, and establish trade colonies. Although given a small source of income, Vyzantion was too weak to resist outside invasion, and succumbed to Turkic invasion in 625 AD.
Karaman was divided into a number of Turkic beyliks. In 622, the Prophet Mazhar began preaching, drawing on Abrahamic religions, and by the end of the 7th century most of the Turkic population had adopted the faith he taught, Islam.
[Pollonans leave in the 700s]
Medieval Karaman and the Crusades
Karaman remained disunited for several centuries following the initial Turkic invasion, before Karaman of Giresun captured Efchaneia/Corum in 860 and declared himself Sultan of Bizans (Vyzantion). By the end of the 10th century the Karamanid Dynasty had firmly established it's hold on the entirety island. At the apex of the medieval Sultanate in the mid 11th century it controlled, in addition to it's core territory on the island itself, Bréhat and Ratonneau, much of mainland Vareis, and parts of Galatia and Valsesia.
[Crusades batter Karaman, bounces back a bit]
Early modern Karaman
20th century and civil war
[You know some of this already]
The most recent census carried out in Karaman was in 2003, which showed a population of 29,483,658. In 2014 the population was estimated by the Maredoratic Organisation for Human Rights, Refugees and Development (MOHRRD) to have increased to roughly 33,500,000 despite nearly one million people fleeing abroad and more than 100,000 deaths as a result of the ongoing civil conflict in the country. In addition, more than three million people have been internally displaced. MOHRRD estimated 23 million people reside in the National Republic of Karaman, 10 million in the Holy Vyzantini Republic, and roughly half a million in the areas under the Provisional Government.
Ethnicity and language
The Karamish people are of predominantly mixed Palamites and Turkic descent. While no fully accurate count of ethnic affiliation or language has been taken, the majority of the population is comprised of Turkic-speaking Karamish, who make up between eighty and ninety percent of the population; from a low estimate of 26.8 million to a high estimate of 30.2 million. Turkish speakers are widely distributed, but a disproportionate number have left the eastern regions of Karaman, which have been dominated by the Vyzant Republic since 2012. Critics accuse the Vyzant Republic of ethnic cleansing its Turkish Muslim population.Template:Fix/category
The largest ethno-linguistic minority are Vyzant speakers, who trace their lineage back to the Palamites. Vyzants make up between nine and eighteen percent of the population, ranging from low estimates of 3 million to a high estimate of 6 million given by the Vyzant Republic. They are concentrated in the east and in the major towns; the Corum and Izmir areas in particular. Since the declaration of the VR, tens of thousands of Vyzants in western Karaman have migrated to the east.
A number of smaller minorities also live in Karaman. There are approximately 30,000 Turkic speakers of mixed Karamish and black Alqosian descent — a legacy of trade relations with Alqosia. Concentrated in the southwest is a small population of speakers of the endangered Karamanite Latin language (known to it's speakers as the Lenga latin-a) numbering between 30,000 (NRK minority rights ombudsman's estimate) and 70,000 (Sessitensian Union estimate).
Karaman is the only country in Alisna where Islam is the predominant religion; roughly 76% of the population, or some 25.4 million people, are Muslims. The remainder of the population is religiously diverse; Karaman is considered the origin and Holy Land of both major Abrahamic religions and has remained home to large Christian communities after the rise of Islam and the Turkic conquest.
Christians in Karaman number more than 7 million; the two main groups are the Palamite Orthodox, estimated to number 5 million people or 15% of the population by the Ecumenical Patriarchate of Efchaneia and the Prekovi Orthodox Church, and Sévéracois Catholics, who number between 2 and 2.5 million, or roughly 7% of the population. The Orthodox are predominantly Vyzants, and vice versa, but small minorities of Turkish-speaking Orthodox also exist. Catholics are predominantly Turkish speakers but the large majority of the small Latin community are Catholics as well. Smaller minorities of Arians (the Continuing Apostolic Unitarian Church in the Holy Land claims 9,000 members) and a very small community of Protestants also exist.
The fourth largest religious community after Muslims, Orthodox, and Catholics are the Manthanists, who predominantly speak Vyzant and follow a faith thought to descend from pre-Christian Alisno-Prekovi beliefs, influenced by the ancient Cummenitic religion; it in turn influenced the development of Christianity and Islam. Between 10,000 and 15,000 still live in Karaman, with the community centered in the main cities and around Mount Vithinion, north of Karacabey. As many as 50,000 Manthanists lived in Karaman before the war, but tens of thousands have fled since 2012 due to persecution both by Islamist militants and by Palamite Orthodox extremists.Template:Fix/category Numbers of followers of other, non-Abrahamic faiths are negligible. By some estimates, some 2% of the population (nearly 700,000 people) are religiously unaffiliated, while 13% answered "no" when asked "Is religion an important part of your daily life?". A strong social stigma towards the irreligious still exists in Karaman.