Nioro Accord

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Pan-Alqosian Secretariat
Secrétariat panalqoséen
Sekretarieti Muungano wa Alkosia
Flag of Nioro Organisation Emblem of Nioro Organisation
Flag Emblem
Members of the Nioro Accord (dark green) within Alqosia (green).
HeadquartersMaalukhir Nioro, Maalukhir
Working languages English, French, Swahili
Signatories
Leaders
 •  Secretary General Geoffroy Descoteaux
 •  Chairperson
Establishment
 •  Nioro Accord 1977 
Population
 •  2014 estimate 430 million
GDP (PPP) 2014 estimate
 •  Total $526.9 billion

The Nioro Accord on Sovereignty and Unity in Alqosia is a multilateral treaty aimed at promoting peace and trading ties among Alqosian states. The treaty established the Pan-Alqosian Secretariat (French: Secrétariat panalqoséen; Swahili: Sekretarieti Muungano wa Alkosia), colloquially referred to as the Nioro Organization, which serves as an intergovernmental organization charged with acting as a common forum for discussion and debate among states in Alqosia. The Secretariat has also been given in subsequent treaties the role of managing liaison between specialized Pan-Alqosian organizations. The secretariat's headquarters is in Nioro, the capital and largest city in Maalukhir.

The Nioro Organization has the ultimate goal of establishing a pan-Alqosian forum, which would expand the range of service presently offered by the organization. As such, the organization's flag and emblems feature outlines of the entirety of Alqosia, despite the fact that not all Alqosian nations are members of the organization.

History

Background

File:Nioro founding.jpg
Heads of state and diplomats in Nioro at the treaty's signing in 1977
The legacy of colonialism in Alqosia was ever present leading up to the establishment of the Nioro Accord. All of the original and subsequent signatories of the treaty had, at one point in time, experienced foreign rule, and most were dealing with the subsequent effects of the colonial era. The economic, ethnic, racial and religious tensions left within and between national borders was, and remains today, one of the most pressing issues facing Alqosian states. The 1976 coup d'état in Maalukhir which led Ibrahim Shaka to power in the country in order to unite the country into a single political force, rather than disparate locales ruled by rival warlords, was one of the main driving points of the creation of the Nioro Accord.

Additionally, the gaining of independence of countries in that decade and the previous decade like Maachwabia (1964), Cote d'Or (1973), and later Badouma (1978) caused a political movement on the continent towards sovereignty and self-determination. At the same time, Galkayo (which had gained its independence in 1919, comparably much sooner than other Alqosian states) was both simultaneously preparing for war with Soufia over natural resources and managing its own internal conflicts between Ngoro and Nkulutu ethnic groups in the south. The genocide in Kirinyaga and the subsequent intervention of forces from Jumieges was also a matter of deep concern for Alqosian leaders.

The formation of the Nioro Organization represented a political desire to form an intranational body to assist Alqosian nations in making the transition to independence.

Goals

The codified goals of the Nioro Accord are to uphold the following principles:

  • Respect for the security, sovereignty, and territorial integrity of all signatory states.
  • Opposition to all unilateral intervention in the internal affairs of signatory states.
  • Respect for Alqosian self-determination, and opposition to all forms of colonialism over Alqosian territories and foreign dominance of the internal affairs of Alqosia.
  • Support for majority rule and nonracialism, and opposition to minority rule and apartheid in all its forms.
  • Respect for the rights and dignity of all peoples.

The primary goals of the organization are, in theory, to support the sovereignty of all signatory states and seek an end to apartheid in an effort to bring to a close the legacy of colonial rule in Alqosia. Since the degradation of stability in Maalukhir since the treaty's signing, however, the Nioro Accord has had little effect on improving regional stability. Internal conflicts between Maalukhir and Galkayo, and Maalukhir and Cote d'Or have hurt the the effectiveness of Nioro Organization operations.

List of secretaries-general

Name
Country
Term of office
List of Secretaries-General 1977 - present
Maalukhir Anwar Issay 1977 - 1983
Côte d'Or Roland Boucher 1983 - 1989
Galkayo Boitumelo Kato 1989-1995
Badouma Najiib Hamad 1995-2001
Maachwabia Dumisani Seme 2001-2007
Galkayo Efemena Nnamdi 2007-2013
Template:Country data Kirinyaga Geoffroy Descoteaux 2013-present

List of summits and chairpersons

Signatories

Observers

See also