Nordic countries

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Nordic countries
  cultural and geographic Norden
  other culturally Nordic countries
  occasionally considered Nordic
Capitals
Languages
Membership
Area
 •  Total 4,284,050 km2
1,654,081 sq mi
Population
 •  2012 estimate 362,051,400
 •  Density 84.51/km2
218/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2012 estimate
 •  Total $9,069 billion
 •  Per capita $25,049
Currency

The Nordic countries are a cultural grouping and a smaller geographic region in Alisna. Cultural and geographic Norden comprises Questers, Sondstead, and Varnia in northeastern Alisna, while the broader cultural region also includes Galla in southern Alisna. The four countries cooperate within the framework of the Nordic Forum although geopolitical relationships between them have historically been strained.

All four Nordic countries, while not culturally monolithic and differing significantly in their economic and political systems and standard of living, have many cultural motifs and shared historical experiences in common. All four predominantly speak a closely related grouping of Anglo-Frisian and North Germanic languages, have closely related folk cultures, and share a history and ethnic identity shaped by the Germanic migrations of the latter half of the first millennia AD. Besides these broad similarities however, there are many traits which are shared between individual countries which are not common to the Nordic countries as a whole.

Collectively the Nordic countries are home to a population of more than 362 million people and comprise an area of nearly 4.3 million square kilometers. The combined economy of the four countries was worth more than $9 trillion in 2012. If Norden were a single country it would rank as the most populous in the world, have the largest economy, and cover the second largest area after only Prekonate.

Terminology and definition

The most common definition of the Nordic countries includes Galla, Questers, Sondstead, and Varnia. Some exclude Galla for geographical reasons, while others exclude Questers due to it's more divergent culture. Related concepts include the Rytuic Countries, limited to the countries surrounding the Rytuic Sea and therefore always excluding Galla and including Alanko, Northern Maredoratica, which excludes Galla but also encompass Alanko, Boaga, Pradaria, Prekonate, and occasionally other countries, and Sapmi, which includes the northern regions of Sondstead and Varnia, as well as northwestern Prekonate, which comprise the historical homeland of the Sami peoples.

Alanko is occasionally included in the definition of the Nordic countries, due to it's shared history and geography with it's neighbors and some similarities in culture. However, Alanko predominantly speaks the Baltic Alankovan language rather than a Germanic language as predominates in the traditional four Nordic countries.

The common terms used in the five Germanic languages spoken natively in the Nordic countries all translate literally as "The North"; Norden in the North Germanic languages and Nordin in Sondsteadish. In transcribing colloquial Questarian speech the spelling t'North is often used, while formal documents use The North (always capitalized) or simply the Nordic Countries.

Common features

  • As noted above, all four Nordic countries share broadly similar culture, customs, folklore, and language, as well as frequent historical interaction.
  • Both Galla and Sondstead are liberal parliamentary democracies and constitutional monarchies and both share a more maritime outlook than the other Nordic countries.
  • Galla, Sondstead, and Varnia have capitalist, social democratic models and highly developed economies with major export sectors focused on engineering and precision manufacturing (and also, in the case of Sondstead and Varnia, forestry, mining, and oil drilling). All three have a nominal per capita GDP of over $40,000 and purchasing power parity adjusted per capita GDP above $30,000, and all rank highly for economic competitiveness and overall quality of life. In contrast, Questers is a middle-income newly industrialized country with a syndicalist economic model.
  • Galla, Sondstead, and Varnia all rank highly for civil liberties (with the notable exception of Varnia's citizenship and minority rights policies), freedom of speech, and press freedoms. Questers in contrast is commonly regarded as a police state with limited civil and political freedoms.
  • Both Galla and Varnia predominantly speak the North Germanic languages.
  • Both Questers and Sondstead predominantly speak languages in the Anglo-Frisian branch of West Germanic, although the languages of the two countries differ widely in vocabulary, with English being more heavily influenced by French than Sondsteadish is.
  • Questers and Sondstead share in common the historical prevalence of Arian Christianity, although historically Sondstead was overwhelmingly Arian while Questers was more mixed. Since 2001 Questers has disestablished and suppressed its former Arian state church.
  • Questers, Sondstead, and Varnia form geographical Norden, surrounding the Rytuic Sea and sharing similarities in climate and geography. In contrast, Galla is located in southwestern Alisna and has a similar climate and geography to Karaman and coastal Pollona.
  • Both Questers and Varnia are republican direct democracies, with a very strong executive branch and either a weak legislature tasked with overseeing referenda (in Questers) or no legislature at all (in Varnia).
  • Sondstead and Varnia have sizable Finnic-speaking minorities indigenous to the northern regions of both countries, and the interaction with them has influenced the culture and outlook of both countries. However, the two countries have greatly differing political and to a lesser extent cultural positions toward their minority populations; Varnia has continued policies aimed at suppressing the culture and political aspirations of the Sami people, while Sondstead ended official discrimination by the 1980s and has granted regional autonomy to the Makeish Republic.

History

Politics

Similar institutions

  • Both Galla and Questers use a form of common law with a shared origin, whereas Sondstead and Varnia use a system of civil law.
  • All of the Nordic states, including Alanko, practice conscription, although regulations differ regarding non-military civil service.
  • All of the Nordic states are considered welfare states, with high levels of state spending and comprehensive state services.

Current leaders

Economies and trade

Culture

The Nordic countries share a number of common festivals and pagan histories, and a common folklore. Although all Nordic countries descend from the common Fleckenwalder culture, mass demographic movement in post-antiquity intertwined the respective Nordic cultures. Both Varnia and Sondstead have historical migration patterns through Questers, and Gallan raiders settled the coast of Questers and Sondstead, through which they came into contact with the other Nordic peoples. Thereafter common cultural concepts emerged which still exist today and define the cultural grouping of the Nordic states.

One common factor is the Law of Jante, an anthropological concept which has claimed that Nordic cultures have a tendency to emphasise community at the expense of the individual, a form of tall poppy syndrome. A number of sociologists and anthropologists [who?] have claimed that Nordic countries are more communitarian in nature than other Alisnan cultures. In politics this is reflected the welfare states of the Nordic countries, and their comparatively high level of state spending.

Some sociologists have claimed [replace with specific] that Nordic cultures tend to respect hard work and saving, and have been seen as conservative and dour in relation to southern and western Alisnan, and Wilassian cultures.

Demographics and statistics

Comparison of Nordic countries

Country  Galla  Questers  Sondstead  Varnia
Largest city Karlskrona (?,???,???) Jesselton (17,949,447) Windstrand (1,145,934) Bergvin (?,???,???)
Capital Kiruna (???,???) Asteriopol (89,852)
Leaders Princess Karoline II
Prime Minister Kjell Vikernes
Speaker Thomas Allenby
Chairman Jack Ogilvy
King Christopher IX
Prime Minister Kristinä Lindkwist
Executive Council
(Trygve Johannsen, President)
Population 64,532,234 233,000,000 16,409,950 48,156,000
Area 445,570 km² 679,800 km² 674,980 km² 2,483,700 km²
Density 144.8/km² 343.7/km² 23.9/km² 19.4/km²
GDP (PPP) 1,484.2 billion 3,471.4 billion 426.3 billion 1,096.0 billion
GDP (PPP) per capita 23,000 14,929 26,051 22,760
Democracy (DI score) 87.00 70.00 93.00 98.00
Press freedom 92.00 52.00 92.00 91.00
Economic freedom 75.00 41.00 76.00 77.00
Corruption perception 86.00 91.00 85.00 87.00

Related countries and regions

Alanko

Main article: Alanko

Aurélien Islands

Maachwabia

Main article: Maachwabia

Sondsteadish trade and missionary activity began in southern Alqosia in the early 19th century, with settlement beginning in the 1880s with Jöhännes fan Ella's colony at Tornhajbuht. Between 1889 and 1964, present day Maachwabia was a Sondsteadish colony, during which time several thousand immigrants from the Nordic countries, most from Sondstead and a lesser number from Questers, settled, while Sondsteadish was introduced as the language of administration, commerce, and education. Maachwabia maintains important cultural, economic, and political ties with Sondstead and the other three Nordic countries.

Orleck

Ruccola

Main article: Ruccola