Politics of Taihei Tengoku
Politics in Taihei Tengoku takes place within a framework of a Christian theocratic "caretaker state" awaiting the Second Coming.
Taihei Tengoku is a federal state with varying degrees of autonomy for its three types of subdivisions.
Taihei Tengoku's largest cities are granted the status of metropolis (都, To) and bestowed significant autonomy in their internal affairs. Metropoleis are self-funding, internally autonomous jurisdictions bound to the Basic Law. There are four designated metropoleis in Taihei Tengoku: Nara, Takao, Hoten, and Tenma. Internal governance can vary wildly between each metropolis. Takao is particularly distinctive as the city proper is administered by a private corporation, while the laws of Tenma, the youngest metropolis, differ little from its surrounding commanderies due to its lack of independent legal tradition.
Commanderies are administered by the national government. Its governors have limited discretion in the budgets allocated by the central government and the administration of certain government bureaus. However, commanderies cannot levy their own taxes or create their own laws.
Free states are similar to the designated metropolis as they are self-funding and internally autonomous, however, free states have their own constitutions separate from the Basic Law. A devolved legislature votes on matters devolved to it by the central government. A Taihei free state is almost entirely self-governing outside of the payments made to the central government for common services such as the national pension fund and military protection.
There is currently one free state, the Kazashimo Islands, forming the Taihei portion of the Sirenes archipelago. Perennial proposals exist to create a free state out of some or all the area of Yamase and Yamashiro commanderies.
Law and order
The Taihei legal system is based upon Rabbinic Calvinism and a heterodox form of Jewish law; in practice Taihei law operates most similarly to a common law system. Taihei jurisprudence is informed by the Bible, the Nara Talmud, a collection of commentaries and legal precedents, and the Basic Law. The Final Court may also create statutes, as well as autonomous metropolitan and state governments.
The Taihei court system consists of Talmudic courts, bound to national and Rabbinic Calvinist religious law, military courts, the admiralty court, and autonomous metropolitan and state courts. Local courts are subordinate to higher appellate courts, which also hear cases not solely in the jurisdiction of any one court and cases against government agencies. The Final Court functions as a supreme appellate court in addition to its role as legislature. Cases heard before a Talmudic court set precedents for the entire country, but metropolitan civil courts and courts in free states are able to set local precedent in the interpretation of Taihei law. Arbitration is used in resolving many civil cases, contractual disputes, and small claims, especially in the private city of Takao.
Civilian police in Taihei Tengoku are coordinated by the National Police Commission, which does not have its own police officers but oversees various commandery, metropolitan, state, and private police agencies, such as the Takao Harbor Company's Urban Surety or the Customs Police fielded by the Bank of Nara.