Armed Forces of Pollona
|Armed Forces of Pollona|
|Lt. Governor of Pollona||Josef Laszlo|
|Minister of Defense||Konrád Ales|
|Chief of Staff of the Military Directorate||Edvard Havalč|
|Budget||$121 Billion (2015)|
|Percent of GDP||5%|
The Pollonan Armed Forces, or the Vojenský, is the federal military force of the Republic of Pollona. It is tasked with the defense of the country, the armed protection of Pollonan interests, and the support of Maredoratic League peacekeeping and humanitarian missions. The Vojenský consist of the Army, Navy, and PRAF branches. The President of Pollona, currently Joseph Laszlo, is the commander-in-chief, forming military policy with the civilian controlled Ministry of Defense and the Defense Minister, presently Konrád Ales. The professional military commander of the Vojenský is the Military Directorate's Chief of Staff, currently Edvard Havalc.
The Vojenský has influenced much of modern Pollona's history. It's predecessor, the Imperial Forces, were instrumental actors on the Alisnan front in the Great Maredoratic War. The military played an important role in the Pollonan Revolution, providing stability to the young republic during the period's chaos. The Vojenský was involved in many police actions during the Red Spring uprising, against German militias and nationalist forces. The Vojenský's last major conflict, the Malouines War in the 1970s, ultimately ended in defeat. It began a period of decline in Pollona's military prowess until the 2001 Questarian Revolution. The Vojenský has taken on an increasingly active role in the 21st century, particularly in ML missions. Since the 1970s, Pollona has maintained an all-volunteer army.
As of 2015, Pollona spends about $120 billion annually to fund it's armed forces, which represents approximately 5% of Pollonan GDP. Pollona is one of the world's largest arms importers in Maredoratica, securing supplies primarily from Berry and Van Luxemburg. The Vojenský directs a manpower of over 1 million men (including active, reserve, and paramilitary groups), 2,700 main battle tanks, 5,000 artillery pieces, thousands of armored vehicles, 100 naval vessels, and 2,100 aircraft. The Vojenský is the primary opposing force to the Questarian military.
The direct antecedent of the Pollonan Armed Forces, the Moravian Imperial Military, was created in lieu of the Standing Army Ordinance of 1755. Prior to this point, Moravia had been victorious against Questers in the Counties War, but political and military leaders acknowledged the existing system desperately needed reform. The resulting ordinance abolished the Emperor's personal retinue and established the nation's first professional army. Its first commanding general, Duke George Rokycan, imported new organizational structures from Revolutionary Morieux to Moravia, such as artillery batteries. In 1760 the Imperial Navy was created with the purchase of new frigates and ships-of-the-line under the command of Admiral Chebo.
With the consolidation of Imperial power, armies of the local nobility were absorbed into the Imperial Army. This proved decisive in the Borgoseian Revolution of 1800, as Moravia's military might allowed it to annex Borgosesia. Following Borgosesia's annexation, the Imperial Army established a permanent Officer's Corps and military academies. Moravia was also one of the first countries to adopt new technologies like breech-loading rifles and ironclads. Improvements in technology and organization largely explain Moravia's two victories over the Kingdom of Questers in 1879 and 1886. The Imperial Military reached the height of its power on the continent in the 1890s.
Moravian forces allied with other Coalition powers in the Great Maredoratic War, and the Imperial Military fought Questers, Styria, and Galla simultaneously. Though it maintained a technological advantage, particularly in artillery, the country chaotically transitioned to a war economy. The Navy found itself repeatedly defeated by Galla at sea, while trench warfare predominated the major land fronts. Though ultimately victorious in the War, the Empire collapsed due to domestic pressures.
The Pollonan Revolution prompted a reorganization of the Imperial forces into the Vojenský, which critically supported the new republican government against internal and external military threats. During the "chaos period," the Vojenský used its first AFVs and light tanks. Finding these prototype units successful, the Vojenský drafed plans for a more mobile, mechanized military. At the same time, the PRAF, the Pollonan Air Force, began operating independently of the Army. By 1935, the Vojenský had 100 aircraft.
New mobile regiments were hugely effective in the Red Spring, especially when facing off against mutinied German troops in traditional regiments. The Red Spring was also the military's first recorded use of airstrikes against ground targets. In the same period the Vojenský intervened, very marginally, in the Swabbian War and the Silgadinese insurrection. Following a territorial dispute in 1945, the Pollonan Navy destroyed a Karamish blockade in Operation Icebreaker. The Pollonan Navy reached its peak in the 1960s and 1970s, with a combined fleet of 140 ships.
The Vojenský was ultimately defeated in the 1973 Malouines War, when Pollona unsuccessfully attempted to reclaim the Vladzemi Islands from Morieux. The war decimated all three branches and incited a large anti-military push-back in politics. The late 1970s to mid 1980s was a period of swinging budget cuts and military reductions. In 1970 the Vojenský had 850,000 active duty personnel, in 2015 it is just over 500,000. This process was halted by the Silgadin police action of 1986, which convinced military leaders to shift their focus to emerging technologies. Pollona initiated a large-scale R&D program, cooperating with countries like Berry and Varnia, and frequently purchasing material from nations like Van Luxemburg.
The Vojenský "modernization program" reached its height after the Questarian Revolution of 2001. Fearing a more militant Questers, the Vojenský Military Directorate prepared "Vision 2020": a complete overhaul of the Pollonan Armed Forces. Its advocates want the Vojenský to keep a technological and material advantage against the Questarian Combined Forces.
The head of the Pollonan armed forces is the President of the Republic, in his capacity as commander-in-chief, and the Minister of Defense. However, the Basic Law also puts military oversight as a responsibilty of the Cabinet, who may not be of the President's party. In practice, military affairs are non-partisan and conducted by the Ministry of Defense, with four sub-ministries: Armed Forces, Defense Procurement, Military Research, and Veterans' Affairs. The defense ministry employs 180,000 civilians and non-governmental contractors as of 2015.
Professional management of the armed forces is assigned to the Military Directorate. The professional head of the Pollonan Armed Forces is the Chief of Staff of the Military Directorate. Further responsibility for the Army, Navy, and Air Force is assigned to each branch's own military directorate, each also with their own chief.
Following the Malouines War, Pollonan phased out conscription before abolishing it in 1985; however, young people must still register for selective service should a wartime emergency warrant its use again. This new draft system has never been used since its implementation in 1985. Since then, Pollona has used an all-volunteer army. As of 2015, the Pollonan Armed Forces have a reported strength of 520,000 active duty personnel, with the following breakdown:
The reserve element of the Armed Forces, numbering approximately 480,000, is manned by more part-time forces expected to fill active duty posts in wartime. The "Reserve Guard" is frequently rotated in-and-out of stationary fortifications and mans other minor posts along the border. Pollona also has an unofficial "Home Guard," composed of various paramilitary forces which are stationed in Pollonan cities, numbering 190,000.