Rochehaut

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The Republic of Rochehaut
République de Rochehaut
of Rochehaut
Flag
Motto: Libertas quæ sera
CapitalLiése
Largest city Vienne
Official languages French
Demonym Rochehautese
Government Participist Confederation
Establishment
 •  Settlement June 6, 1573 
 •  Protectorate January 3, 1667 
 •  Pirate Republic October 21, 1727 
 •  Reconquest November 11, 1747 
 •  Independence from Morieux 
 •  Independence August 8, 1943 
Area
 •  Total 380,311 km2
146,839 sq mi
 •  Water (%) 2.1
Population
 •  2016 estimate 50,110,250
GDP (PPP) 2012 estimate
 •  Total $653.2 billion
 •  Per capita $13,556
GDP (nominal) 2012 estimate
 •  Total $409.7 billion
 •  Per capita $8,502
Gini (2013)32
medium
HDI (2013)Increase 0.738
high
Currency Pièce (PIE)
Calling code 985
Internet TLD .rt

Rochehaut (IPA: /ʁɔʃ ot/), officially the Republic of Rochehaut (French: Republique de Rochehaut), is a sovereign state located in Southeast Wilassia. The Rochehautese peninsula occupies the southernmost point of continental Wilassia, with the Pearl Sea and the Coventic Ocean on both sides. Rochehaut has a land border with Ruccola, and a maritime border with Guurdalai. As of 2016, Rochehaut was the 20th-most populous country in the world, with approximately 50.1 million citizens. Rochehaut consists of its continental peninsula and 842 islands, covering a land area of 146,718 square miles (380,000 km2).

Although Rochehaut has been inhabited since antiquity, it was colonised by various Alisnan states in the 16th century, until a papal decree granted Morieux total hegemony. From 1727 to 1747 Rochehaut was a democratic pirate republic until Morivaine troops reclaimed control. Rochehaut fought as a Morivaine colony during the Great War, after which an abortive independence movement briefly fought against Morieux. Although some autonomy measures had been introduced previously, full independence was granted on August 8th, 1943, making Rochehaut the youngest state in the world.

Today Rochehaut is a member of the Maredoratic League, holding twelve seats in the General Assembly, and houses the headquarters for the Maredoratic Organisation for Human Rights, Refugees and Development. It is also a member of the Francophone Organisation, the Maredoratic Commission for Air Navigation and, between 1999 and 2015, the Jesselton Treaty. The Rochehautese government has also expressed its wish to join the Martigues Agreement, although no official candidature was offered as of August 2015.

With an GDP of $645 billion, Rochehaut is classified as a middle income country and a developing country. It receives significant development aid from other countries, and as per separate defence agreements with Morieux and Questers, is protected by foreign troops based on its soil. Active participation in world affairs, common fluency in French, and its position as the world's largest tourist economy has cemented Rochehaut in global culture.

Etymology

The name "Rochehaut" was first used on a letter sent by Morivaine explorer Jaques d'Iberville, on January 4th, 1573, describing his voyages to the Far East. Historians have speculated that the name derives from "la roche haute", an incorrect form of "haute roche" meaning high rock. This is supported by an entry on the ship's log of the Sainte Marie, believed to have been the first Morivaine ship to sight Rochehaut. The log has an entry dated September 3rd 1572 reporting that "ship's watch have sighted high rocks coming up from the ocean". This formation is now known as the Discovery Rock.

Flag

Main article: Flag of Rochehaut

The flag of Rochehaut is composed of four principal parts. In the centre of the flag, there is an image of a sailing vessel, which represents the Pirate Republic that existed in Rochehaut between 1727 and 1747 and its ideals. Above it lies a tricoloured rainbow, symbolizing the blend of cultures and the unity of the people. Above the rainbow is a yellow, four pointed star, which represents hope for the future. Below the ship, in a white band, is the word "n'oubliez" which is translated in the context of the flag as meaning "never forget" and is a symbol of the injustices against the natives as well as the pirate republic.

The flag is commonly voted as the worst designed flag in Maredoratica. In an edition of the newsletter "Sans" published by the Respumois Society of Vexillology in 2000, it was ranked number one in the "Ugliest National Flag Index" for its flamboyant design. It is rumored that the Rochehautese government receives thousands of letters every year pleading for a flag change, and a number of websites have emerged in recent years hosting electronic petitions to have the flag changed. These petitions, however, have never been able to gather enough support in Rochehaut.

Surprisingly, the flag has acquired a cult status internationally as a symbol of rebellion against the establishment, thanks in no small part to the folklore surrounding the origins of the flag. According to an international survey carried out by the Rochehautese newspaper "Le Pays", it is also one of the most recognizable flags in the world.

History

Evidence of the Sabaai people.

Archeological research shows that Rochehaut was inhabited by Homo erectus between 1.5 million years ago and as recently as 35,000 years ago. Homo sapiens reached the region around 45,000 years ago. Recent evidence in the east coast of Rochehaut suggests that these people were capable of deep sea fishing and could make ocean crossings to reach Guurdalai and other islands around 40,000 BCE. The oldest artifacts recovered in Rochehaut are Flake tool found at cave sites on the eastern coast of the country. The sites have been carbon dated to approximately 30,000 years ago, and represent some of the oldest evidence of use of tools in the world.

Between 4000 and 3000 BC the early Sabaai culture appeared and quickly spread throughout southeast Wilassia, as well as Guurdalai, through the Noyakin Island Bridge. These early Sabaai sites are relatively homogeneous, characterized by pottery impressed with cord marks, pecked pebbles and thin points of greenish slate. Archeological finds suggest that the inhabitants cultivated rice, coffee, cocoa, coca leaves and tobacco, and engaged in fishing. Around 150BCE the Sabaai began to settle around the coast, and developed a written language, a religion, and a trading system. The Sabaai are considered the indigenous people of Rochehaut.

Colonisation

The Sainte Marie.

Rochehaut was first sighted by the Morivaine ship Sainte Marie in 1572. It was joined in the same year by another Morivaine ship, Aquila, which spent the rest of the year charting and mapping the Pearl Sea. Alisnans did not return for another decade, with trading posts being built by Jungastia, Van Luxemburg and Morieux. These three countries signed The Treaty of Treatyville in 1607, defining their territorial boundaries in Rochehaut. Morieux, unsatisfied with the agreement, used its influence with the Pope to acquire a Papal bull granting Morieux sole authority to Christianise Rochehaut.

The Morivaine settlers divided Rochehaut into fifteen Captaincies, owned and funded by private investors. After a number of high-profile failures, the Morivaine government despatched Auguste Cassel in 1632 to take direct control of the colony. Cassel brought Jesuits to convert the Sabaai people, established a colonial bueaucracy, and began exploring relations with the native people. The Jesuit work has provided historians with most of their information on native Rochehautese culture, including a deep understanding of the local language, history and customs.

Morivaine direct rule

In 1667, due in part to Cassel's influence and the growing power of other Alisnan colonial empires, Morieux declared Rochehaut to be a protectorate, appointing Antoine de Mansart to the new position of Governor-General. De Mansart extended the bureaucracy, creating municipalities and municipal counties, and created a General Assembly with native participation. De Mansart's economy policy of growing cash crops for export to Morieux, known as the Système de culture, transformed Rochehaut's society and geography. Morivaine plantations were only allowed to export their crops to Morieux and only Morivaine products could be imported into Rochehaut. During this period large numbers of Morivaine settlers arrived, quickly inter-marrying with the locals.

The flag of the Pirate Republic is still widely used in Rochehaut today as a symbol of rebellion.

Piracy in Rochehaut began in the early 18th century, when the Morivaine crown, eager to establish trade monopoly in the Far East, turned a blind eye to Rochehautese buccaneers, who had been driven off the islands and had begun raiding the the oriental trade routes. While not an official blessing, these privateers were left mostly unmolested by the Morivaine navy as long as they limited their attacks to non-Morivaine ships. These privateers operated from bases in Rochehaut, where they sold their cargo, but were known to sail as far north as the Gallan coast, although their primary targets were ships leaving the Alqosian colonies bound for Alisna.

In 1728, the Morivaine garrison and naval station was withdrawn because of the Morivaine Revolution. The Rochehautese pirates rapidly took control of the country's bureaucracy, and a civil war broke out. In the Chabanais Brothel Meeting, Aveline de Fortier, a Rochehautese pirate captain, persuaded the pirates to co-operate. The result was the world's first, and only, Pirate Republic. The pirates established their own courts and in some areas provided basic social services. Taxes were abolished, and the state was funded by piracy.

The Republic came to an end in August 1747, with the return of Morivaine troops led by Jean Dujardin. Dujardin occupied Fort Caroline and chased the pirates into the interior. The Pirate Republic collapsed and its leadership, including de Fortier, were hanged. Dujardin then extended a pardon to all pirates, which was broadly accepted, and piracy went into rapid decline. Following the Pirate Republic, Morieux imposed direct rule, reinforced its garrison to a regiment of 1,200 troops and a colonial auxiliary force. Alcohol and prostitution was banned, and the new Morivaine administration imposed heavy censorship on locally produced art, music, and newspapers.
The First Rochehautese Congress in session.

Broad popular dissatisfaction with the Morivaine policies led to the First Rochehautese Congress in October 21st, 1790. After a brief conflict, the Treaty of Liese was written with the congress, granting autonomy to Rochehaut but prohibiting it from raising an army. The Second Rochehautese Congress passed this Treaty on August 19th, 1791. These two days have been celebrated as public holidays since 1947, as Congress Day and Treaty Day respectively. The new Rochehautese constitution created a new executive branch, which was to be jointly formed by two members, one being an appointed representative of Morieux, and the other an elected representative of Rochehaut, both having equal, inseparable powers. It also created the legislative framework, consisting of several hundred arrondissement councils, and a judiciary, composed of Rochehautese judges. With the signing of the Constitution, Morivaine direct rule came to an end.

Great War

War of Independence

After the Great War, the Morivaine government, as per the Treaty of Liese, ordered the disarmament of the Rochehautese People's Army. With only 30,000 troops, and facing a Morivaine force of over 70,000, General Chaumette was compelled to agree. He resigned as General of Rochehaut on the 2nd of August, 1920, but not before ordering the arms captured from the Guurkhun Seventh Army to be scattered and hidden. On October 21st, violence broke out in the capital when the Régiment du premier congrès refused to turn over its arms to the Morivaine administration. The Regiment attempted to resist, and was massacred; more than half of the men were killed. The destruction of the Regiment of the First Congress is usually given as the catayst for the Rochehautese war of independence. Chaumette went into hiding on October 26th, after a warrant was put out for his arrest. During this time, the Rochehautese Communist Party orchestrated a series of strikes, culminating in the General Strike of January 1921. Whilst in hiding, Chaumette gathered veterans of the People's Army and dispersed them across the country around hidden weapons stocks.

On 13th May 1921, as most Morivaine administrators and officers were celebrating the Morivaine revolution, Chaumette attacked, occupying numerous key government posts and municipal offices. A strike by transport workers crippled the Morivaine response, and Chaumette captured Fort Caroline on the night of the 13th of May. From there he gave the Fort Caroline address:

Rochehautese! Citoyens de la république:

Rappeler de Fortier. Rappeler le premier congrès. Rappeler le deuxième congrès. Rappeler les droits de l'homme!

Rappeler votre histoire. Rappeler votre dignité. Rappeler votre honneur. Rappeler votre courage infatigable!

Pour votre maison! Pour votre pays! Pour votre république! Pour votre liberté!

A la bataille!

Modern history

Geography

Rochehaut is located on the Southeast Willasian Peninsula, between the latitudes 25°N and 41°N and the longitudes 78°E and 93°E. It covers a total land area of xxx,xxx km². It shares an approximately 724 km long land border with Ruccola, and its coastline spans over 4,233 km. Continental Rochehaut is mostly hilly and densely forested, with level land covering approximately 20% of its total area.

Most of the country is covered by the Coventic Forest biome. The Coventic Forest has ecoregions within the following biome categories: tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests, tropical and subtropical dry broadleaf forests, tropical and subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands, and Mangrove, and is characterized by a high species diversity and endemism.

Climate

Because of differences in latitude and the marked variety in topographical relief, the climate tends to vary considerably from place to place. During the winter or dry season, extending roughly from November to April, the monsoon winds usually blow from the northeast along the Ruccolian coast, picking up considerable moisture. Consequently, the winter season in most parts of the country is dry only by comparison with the rainy or summer season. The average annual temperature is generally higher in the plains than in the mountains, and higher in the south than in the north.

Temperatures vary less in the south around Liése and the Mystique Delta, ranging between 21 and 28 °C (69.8 and 82.4 °F) over the course of the year. Seasonal variations in the mountains and plateaus and in the north are much more dramatic, with temperatures varying from 5 °C (41.0 °F) in December and January to 37 °C (98.6 °F) in July and August.

Panoramic view

Looking north across the Aveline Straits. Continental Rochehaut visible in the background.

Demographics

The population of Rochehaut, as recorded by the 2015 National Census, is approximately 50 million (141 inhabitants per square kilometer), with a ratio of 0.93 males per female. 72.6% of the population is defined as urban, with a significant part (approximately 12.3 million, or 33.7% of the urban population) concentrated in the Vienne metropolitan area, making it an extreme example of a primate city.

In 2012 Rochehaut had one of the largest population growth rates in Maredoratica, however economic uncertainty between 2013 and 2015 has significantly affected immigration and population growth rates, which are expected to continue to fall for the next few years before returning to 2012 levels.

 
Largest cities or towns in Rochehaut
Institut National de Géographie et Statistique, 2015 online census
Rank Circumscription Pop. Rank Circumscription Pop.
Vienne (metropolitan area)
Vienne (metropolitan area)
Liése (metropolitan area)
Liése (metropolitan area)
1 Vienne (metropolitan area) Vienne (circumscription) 12,368,255 11 Saint Prex Avelines Nord 172,125 Dorne
Dorne
Saint Georges
Saint Georges
2 Liése (metropolitan area) Liése (special administrative area) 6,875,219 12 Champs Elysées Vienne (circumscription) 90,790
3 Dorne Bretagne 3,290,927 13 Côte Brave Vienne (circumscription) 89,132
4 Saint Georges Ilê de Saint Georges 2,571,896 14 Fort du Mont Atlantique 59,892
5 Hue Central 1,154,617 15 Castelnoveau Atlantique 56,225
6 Juneau Bretagne 862,044 16 Gévaudan Bretagne 46,658
7 Azure Atlantique 780,311 17 Sétif Atlantique 45,369
8 Michelin Luxembourg (Rochehaut) 342,328 18 Poitiers Luxembourg (Rochehaut) 44,884
9 Trier Central 201,682 19 Victoire Avelines Sud 43,797
10 Lac Molokai Central 189,471 20 La Rochelle Avelines Sud 41,477

Race and Ethnicity

Ethnicities in Rochehaut (2015)
Ethnicity (self-declared)
Mixed-ethnicity
  
30%
White
  
22%
Black
  
19%
Arab
  
9%
Indigenous
  
8%
Turkic
  
5%
Southern Willassian (excluding Sabaai)
  
4%
Other
  
3%

The country has an extremely diverse and intermixed ethnic background. With a long history of immigration and crossbreeding, it is difficult to accurately estimate the ethnic make up of the Rochehautese people. According to the 2015 National Census, approximately 30% of the population (about 15 million) described themselves as being of mixed ethnicity; 22% (about 11 million) as white; 19% (circa 9.5 million) as black; 9% as (approximately 4.5 million) as arabs; 8% (about 4 million) as Sabaai, or native Rochehautese; 5% (circa 2.5 million) as Turkic, most of which originating from Karaman; 4% (about 2 million) as Southern Willassian, excluding Sabaai, which includes mostly those of Guurkhun and Ruccolian origin; and 3% (circa 1.5 million) as Other ethnicities.

Since the arrival of the Morivaines in the 16th century, considerable miscegenation between the Sabaai, Morivaine, Willassian, Alisnan and Alqosian has taken place in all regions of the country (with Morivaine ancestry being dominant nationwide, according to the vast majority of autosomal studies undertaken covering the entire population, accounting for between 62% to 71%).

Perhaps because of this high degree of miscegenation, racism is rare in Rochehaut, and in general, socially significant closeness to one racial group is taken in account more in the basis of appearance (phenotypes) rather than actual ancestry, to the extent that full siblings can declare themselves as pertaining to different "racial" groups. Skin color and facial features do not line quite well with ancestry, with great individual variation.

Religion

Rochehaut has no official state religion. Most Rochehautese who identify themselves as religious identify themselves as Christian, with the majority of those being of the Catholic tradition. A protestant minority can be found in the north. A Buddhist minority predominates in the Western Coast.

While 36% of the Rochehautese population declare themselves Catholics, only 58% of these attend Mass regularly and follow every teaching.

Due to the nature of Rochehautese law-making, complete separation of Church and State is not always possible, and some more conservative areas may have religious laws in place.

As of the 2012 census Christianity is the predominant religion in Rochehaut, divided between the Catholic Church (36.2% of the population) and various protestant denominations (7.3%). Immigration has brought Buddhism (18.6%) and Islam (7.9%) as sizeable minority religions. 64.3% declared themselves as non-religious, however, among these, an astonishing 76.9% expressed belief in "a spirit or life force", while 10.2% explicitly denied the belief in God in any form.

Rochehaut has seen a surge in the growth of Islam during the early 2010s, as a result of a significant influx of Morivaine moslims. In 2005 only 4.8% of the populace declared themselves as followers of Islam, against 7.9% in 2012. The Rochehautese government has, however, avoided giving asylum status to these Morivaine emmigrants, and they are generally accepted under the normal immigration law.

Migration

Rochehaut has been a historical destination for immigrants, with its high human development index and open borders policy. In the 18th century Vienne in particular was known for attracting large numbers of beggars, pirates and thieves, which has given the country a bit of a bad reputation. Recent years have seen increased immigration control, with the institution of work permits and immigration registries, altough the country still allows visa-free stays for up to a year.

In practice, however, Rochehaut is still very much an open borders country. There is no dedicated immigration law enforcement agency, and national, state and city police rarely if ever perform immigration checks and it is common for employers to maintain a "dont ask, don't tell" policy with regards to immigration status.

Languages

French is the primary language spoken in Rochehaut, and is the de facto official language, though several other languages are spoken by minority groups.

Healthcare

The government operate a universal healthcare system and assumes fiscal and administrative responsibility for the health care of all its citizens and legal residents. There are no private hospitals or clinics in the country.

The Rochehautese hospitals are generally thought to be in a fair condition, altough some smaller clinics are arguably poor equipped. Staff is in adequate supply, with Rochehaut boasting a rate of 4.2 physicians per 1.000 inhabitants. Doctors themselves are well trained, as the Rochehautese medical schools are up to par with those located in the developed world.

General medical care standards are generally considered high, especially considering the country's low GDP, and life expectancy is exemplary, with the average citizen living to 79.2 years old. This is largely attributed to heavy investments in preventative medicine and a healthy diet.
The Hôpital National du Cancer, in Brest is one of the top cancer research facilities in Southern Willassia.

In 2012 Rochehaut spent 11.2% of the nation's GDP with the healthcare system, ammounting to $1,518 per capita.

Emergency medical services in Rochehaut are provided by a mix of organisations under public health control, with the lead taken by a central control function called SAMU, which stands for Service d'Aide Médicale Urgente or Urgent Medical Aid Service. This central hub is supported by resources including first response vehicles or ambulances provided by local police, firefighting or dedicated ambulance services with or without a physician-led car provision from SMUR (Service Mobile d'Urgence et Reanimation - literally translated as Mobile Emergency and Resuscitation Service) which are 'mobile intensive care units' (MICU) that have one or more physicians on board.

According to latest estimations there are 28,068 people living with HIV/AIDS in Rochehaut (approx. 0,06% of the population). In the mid-1980s, when little was known about the virus, Rochehaut compulsorily tested millions of its citizens for HIV, and those who were found to be HIV positive were taken to hospices and not allowed to leave. This policy drew negative criticism across Maredoratica and was abandoned in 1989. The government provided mostly paliative care until 1997, when Rochehaut began producing generic anti-retroviral drugs, greatly reducing treatment costs. Thanks to intensive educational campaigns and preventative measures, Rochehaut enjoys low infection rates today, despite its growing sex industry.
A typical Rochehautese hospital SAMU base, with a helicopter MICU, in Saint Georges, Rochehaut.

In recent years, because of the rise in prostitution caused by the increase in tourism, the prevalence of STDs has increased slightly, but public health programs targeted primarily at sex industry workers and tourists have succeeded in keeping the number of new infections under control.

Education

Rochehaut has a high level of literacy, with education provided and funded by municipal governments through a well-organized school system of kindergartens, primary and secondary schools, numerous vocational colleges and universities. The private sector of education is very small, with private schools housing less than 2% of the national student population. Public education is virtually free, regardless of nationality. The school year in Rochehaut runs from just after Carnival to November. The school year is divided into two terms by a short break, usually around June.

In the first year of primary school students spend most of their time with educational games, learning social structures, the alphabet, basic addition and subtraction, and basic French skills. In years 2 through 7 they are introduced to maths, science, art and gymnastics, complemented by geography, history and social sciences in the fifth year. No official grades are given at this level, however, the teacher often evaluate students subjectively. There is also an introductory test to let the teacher know if the student is above average or is in need of assistance at school. During this phase a lot of emphasis is put into identifying prodigy students, who are then transferred to special schools.

Grading starts at lower secondary school, usually at ages 12-13. At this point students can choose electives to complement their schooling. Typical subjects the students are offered are English, German, creative writing, arts and basic astronomy.

Upper secondary school introduces further advanced science topics as well as, since 2004, IT topics. Many municipalities and cities now provide students with laptops either for free or a small fee.

Higher education lasts between 2 years, for "Technologue" degrees, which focus on job market skills, to upwards of 6 years, for Medicine and Engineering degrees. Acceptance to higher education is based on high-school grades and electives as well as university entrance exams.

Some Rochehautese universities are internationally reknowned, such as the Hue Institute of Physics, the Archambault Institute of the University of Vienne, among others.

Rochehautese students have historically performed on par with those of more developed countries in the region on international exams, with particularly good marks in mathematics and physics.

Government

The Palais National in Liése, meeting place of the Federal Council and official residence of the President

As outlined in the Articles of Constitution, Rochehaut is a constitutional republic and participatory democracy. The government is regulated by a system of checks and balances defined by the Articles of Constitution. Under the Rochehautese model, citizens are usually subject to three levels of government, federal, state and local. In almost all cases executive and legislative officials are chosen directly by voters through the Borda count system.

The federal government is composed of three branches:

  • Legislative: the bicameral Parliament, made up of the General Assembly and the Council of Moderators, makes federal law, declares war, approves treaties, has the power of the purse, and has the power of impeachment, by which it can remove sitting members of the government.
  • Executive: the Federal Council is the seven-member executive council which constitutes the federal government of Rochehaut and serves as the collective head of state. While the entire council is responsible for leading the federal administration and each Councillor heads one of the seven federal executive Departments, the council ellects a President amongst themselves who acts as the de-facto head of government.
  • Judicial: The High Court and lower federal courts, whose judges are elected by popular vote, interpret laws and overturn those they find unconstitutional.

The General Assembly is the lower house, and has 256 voting members which serve two-year terms. The seats are apportioned among the states by population every tenth year.

The Council of Moderators has 30 voting members, two for each state, elected at-large to six-year terms; one third of the seats are up for election every other year. Moderators are not allowed to propose legislation directly, that is a prerrogative of the General Assembly.

File:General-Assembly-Parties.png
The current make up of the General Assembly

The members of the Federal Council are directly elected by the people for a term of four years. Each Councillor is elected individually by secret ballot by the Borda count system. Every adult Rochehautese citizen is eligible, but in practice, only Members of Parliament or, more rarely, members of state governments are nominated by the parties and receive a substantial number of votes. Once elected, Councillors remain members of their political parties, but cannot hold leading office with them. In fact, they usually maintain a certain political distance from the party leadership, because under the rules of collegiality, they will often have to publicly promote a Council decision which does not match the political conviction of their party (or of themselves).

Pollonan Influence

The Rochehautese independence movement was heavily influenced by Pollonan political philosophy, and many historians consider Pollonan liberalism the forefather of Rochehautese politics. The area in which Pollonan influence is most pronounced is on the Rochehautese regard to the principle of subsidiarity and local democracy. In practice this means that the municipality and the city are at the heart of the political process, concentrating most governing powers.

Open air meetings are common in the numerous small towns and rural municipalities across Rochehaut. All adult citizens are expected to participate in the local decision making process with elected committees generally responsible over the community's everyday administration.

In larger agglomerates residents are usually grouped into boroughs representing 200 to 1000 households, which in turn elects representatives for the city council. In some areas, such as Vienne, there is a bicameral city council, with the borough representatives being the upper house and a lower house selected by sortition.

The state and federal governments have clearly delimited powers. As a general rule, the only responsibilities of the state and federal governments are those which cannot be fulfilled by the municipal and city governments.

Economy

Rochehaut is an emerging mixed economy with a strong focus in tourism, which was responsible for 12% of the country's GDP in 2012. It is also one of the largest agricultural exporters in Maredoratica, benefitting from an increasingly mechanized primary sector. Average GDP growth in the period between 2000-2010 averaged 4%, but is expected to fall, with a 2012 GDP growth of 1.3%. It is heavily export dependent, with exports accounting for more than two thirds of GDP.

The largest industries are hospitality, transportation, agriculture, aircraft manufacturing, shipping, information technology and electronics. The software sector is the fastest growing in the country, given the well-developed data infrastructure and top notch education. Agricultural products make up a significant part of the Rochehaut GDP, with primary crops including rice (Rochehaut is the largest single producer and exporter of Rice in Maredoratica), grapes, sugarcane, tea, coffee, cocoa, papaya, banana, palms, among others.

Rochehaut exports an increasing value of over $103 billion worth of goods and services annually. Major exports include rice, textiles, fishery products, rubber and computer parts.

Electronics and computer parts are Rochehaut's largest export sectors. The country is the third largest producer of smartphones and solid state drives and the largest producer of hard drive disks in Maredoratica. The country's relative stability, low cost of labor and transportation have contributed to a recent boom in the manufacturing industry, which is expected to grow even further in the mid-term.

Rochehaut ranked third in 2014 in Maredoratica in tonnage of fish caught, with a net tonnage of 4,256,235 metric tons. In that same year the total aquaculture production was estimated at 1,215,365 metric tons. Offshore fisheries corresponded to 52% of the nation's total fish catches. Coastal fishing by small boats, set nets, or breeding techniques has been heavily regulated since the 1960s, and the country successfully prevented the depletion of its fisheries by predatory fishing practices. Among the many species of seafood caught are sardines, skipjack tuna, crab, shrimp, salmon, pollock, squid, clams, mackerel, sea bream, sauries, tuna and Rochehautese amberjack. Freshwater fishing, including salmon, trout and eel hatcheries and fish farms, takes up about 20% of Rochehaut's fishing industry. Among the nearly 300 fish species in the rivers of Rochehaut are native varieties of catfish, chub, herring and goby, as well as such freshwater crustaceans as crabs and crayfish.

Prostitution in Rochehaut and sex tourism also forms a de facto part of the economy. Cultural (and legal) acceptance, combined with poverty and the lure of money have caused prostitution and sex tourism in particular to flourish in Rochehaut. One estimate published in 2013 placed the sex industry trade at $8 billion per year.

Thirty-two percent of Rochehaut's labor force is employed in agriculture, which is less than the 68% employed in 1970. Agriculture in Rochehaut has experienced a rapid transition from labor-intensive and transitional methods into a more industrialized and competitive sector. As of March 2014 the unemployment rate stands at 4.4%.

Main international partners include Questers, Morieux and Van Luxemburg, with the three together accounting for nearly one-third of all exports in 2012.

Transportation

Light rail service in Saint Georges.

Air transportation is by far the most important form of transport within Rochehaut, with the country boasting the largest general aviation fleet in Maredoratica. This is reflected in the number of airfields in the country (Vienne alone is served by 4 general aviation fields, in addition to an international airport). This has earned Rochehaut the nickname of Aviation Nation.

Private automobiles are not very popular within most Rochehautese cities, with the majority of registered cars being based in smaller towns in the interiors, but have been rising in popularity lately despite high taxation and governmental barriers with the influx of tourists and expats. The use of gasoline (known as mogas in Rochehaut) is restricted - though 100LL is not - and most cars run either on diesel or neat ethanol, with the latter being more abundantly available. A motorway network across the country has been slowly implemented, with motorways completed in most of the country, with the exception of the far north, where navigable waterways and, more often, air transport are the lifelines of the isolated communities.

Public transport in Rochehaut is well-organized and well-developed, and most run 24/7. Trains and light rail dominate urban transport, though intercity services are far and wide. Bus service usually supplements rail services within the urban perimeter and beyond. Domestic public air transport is dominated by Sonata, the recently privatized flag carrier, and TAROC, a government-owned airline offering service to more remote locations, though large numbers of private citizens own their own aircraft.

Military and Foreign Affairs

File:Pandur04.JPG
A Rochehautese Vipère 6x6 Armored Car of the 13e Hussards during exercise North 13 in Questers.

The foreign relations of Rochehaut are handled by the Federal Department of Exterior Relations. The country enjoys very close diplomatic relations with former colonial power Morieux, despite years of resentment. The two countries cooperate in many areas, and Morivaine investments and development aid in Rochehaut are only second to that of Questers. In addition to these two countries, Rochehaut also has close relations with Erusea, the four countries together forming the Jesselton Pact. In general, Rochehaut has cordial relations with most nations in Maredoratica, the large majority of which are represented by embassies in Liése and numerous consulates throughout the country.

Rochehaut is a member of the Maredoratic League, hosting the Maredoratic Organisation for Human Rights, Refugees and Development, and is also a member of the Francophone Organisation. It has also expressed desire in joining the Martigues Agreement.

The Rochehautese Defense Force (fr. Force de Defense Rochehautaise) is the military of Rochehaut. It is a unified single branch all-volunteer military consisting of the Composante Terrestre (Army), Composante Navale (Navy), Composante Aérienn (Air Force) and Composante de Soutien (Support). As of January 2014 it has a combined manpower of 12,000 men and women split across all four components. Its allocated budget for FY2014 is $3.2 billion.

Rochehaut is host to the headquarters of the Questarian Southern Fleet, located at Lighthouse Base, outside Trier, as well as a Morivaine naval/marine base and an airbase. The Corps de Aide Fraternelle, the Morivaine military mission in Rochehaut, also has its headquarters in the country.

Culture

Hospitality

Hospitality is given such importance in Rochehautese culture that it is widely considered to be part of the national identity. The Rochehautese strongly believe in taking care of anyone who crosses their paths, especially guests. It is considered by most to be more than a word, an art or culture, but to be a way of life.

Cuisine

Rochehautese cuisine is heavily influenced by Morivaine cuisine. Local cookery is the result of the warm, wet Rochehautese climate, rich soils for large-scale agriculture and the abundant seafood found everywhere but in the interior, where poultry and rabbit is served more frequently. The basic ingredients are olive oil and olives, garlic, fish and other seafood, local fruits. Rochehautese cooking split from traditional Morivaine cooking around the 17th Century, when Morivaine chefs began moving towards fewer spices in their recipes. Rochehautese food continues to make heavy use of spices. Fish sauce is also a staple ingredient in everyday Rochehautese cuisine, and it is frequently used in place of table salt.

The Ragoût Rochehautais is one of the most recognizable and traditional Rochehautese dishes, consisting of a fish stew made with at least three different kinds of fish (more often than not around eight different types are used), shellfish, sea urchins, mussels, crabs, lobster and octopus. Vegetables such as onions, sun-dried tomatoes, celery and potatoes are simmered together with the broth and served with the fish. The broth is traditionally served with a rouille, a mayonnais made of olive oil, garlic, saffron and cayenne pepper on grilled slices of bread. What makes a Ragoût Rochehautais different from other fish soups is the selection of local herbs and spices in the broth, the use of bony local Rochehautese fish (and often shark), the way the fish are added one at a time and the method of serving. Recipes vary from family to family along the coast, and local restaurants dispute which versions are the most authentic. Traditionally, Ragoût is made to be enjoyed socially, and, as such the dish is rarely made for fewer than twenty people. The more people who share the meal, and the more different fish that are included, the better the Ragoût.

A wine and cheese tradition is also present, and Rochehaut produces its own distinct varieties of both, which are appreciated both in Rochehaut and abroad.

Sports

Main article: Football in Rochehaut

Football is one of the national passions. The top football league of Rochehaut, La Première, organized by the Association de Football Professionel (AFP), attracts huge ammounts of fans to sports venues every week, and is one of the most popular and competitive in Maredoratic, with matches being transmitted to nearly all other countries in the region. The country has over 18,000 clubs registered as of 2014. Rochehaut has produced some of the greatest players in the region, such as Michel Lamar, Andre Lefévre and Driss Vassary.

The Rochehautese National Team (les Bleus) is known through Maredoratica as one of the the top teams in the region. Their main rivals is the Morivaine National Team.

Other popular sports in Rochehaut include volleyball, free and scuba diving, archery, horseback show jumping, tennis, swimming, and golfing.