Socialist Party (Valcluse)

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Socialist Party
Parti socialiste
Leader Michel Dubois
Founded March 1st 1919
Headquarters Valence, Valcluse
Youth wing Jeunes Socialistes
Ideology Socialism
Social Liberalism
Political position Centre left
International affiliation Republican International
Colours Red, white
National Assembly
137 / 356
49 / 210

The Socialist Party (French: Parti socialiste du Valcluse), commonly abbreviated to PS, is a political party in Valcluse. It is one of the two largest parties in Valcluse, the other being the Radical Party.

The party was founded on March 1, 1919 after the infamous 1918 congress when the socialists within the Communist Party walked out of the congress in response to the largely Marxist controlled central committee failed to include any socialist policies within the party's electoral mainfesto leading up to the 1919 general election. Although initially founded by socialists and other left-wing sympathizers, the Socialist Party soon opened up membership to those on the centre-left. The incumbent president, Jacques de Tassingy also joined the socialists and won the 1919 general election. Socialist rule was to be short lived, with de Tassingy overthrown in 1922 by a group of military officers lead by Pierre Roland.

Democratic rule was not returned to Valcluse until 1955, with the first democratic elections in 36 years held in June 1955. The next ten years saw three elections where the results went between the now two largest parties in parliament. Social and economic tensions broke out into open revolt in May 1968, forcing the government to draw up a new constitution and hold new elections. The Socialist Party won the 1968 election as well as two more election victories in 1972 and 1976. However, the party lost the 1980 election, although it made significant gains after the collapse of the Liberal Party in 1982. Infighting and leadership issues plagued the party throughout the 1980's and the socialists were never able to fully capitalize on increasing support, with two further losses in 1984 and 1988. However, the resignation of Édouard Joyeux in 1989 and the subsequent snap election saw the Socialist Party regain the presidency. The party would control the presidency and parliament for nearly 20 years, barring election lossed to the Radical Party in 1997 and 2005. It would lose again in 2009 before making a comeback under new leader Michel Dubois in the 2015 general election.