Swabian Empire

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Divine Empire of Swabia
Schwabenreich

 

990–1495
Capital No official capital, The Empire had no official capital, though there was a number of imperial seat cities, which varied throughout history:
Languages German, Italian, Czech, Silgadiner, Romansh, French, Fleckenwalder German,
Religion Roman Catholicism, Catholicism was the dominate religion, and the only permitted religion of the Empire until its collapse in the late 1490's early 1500's.
Government Elective Monarchy
Legislature Imperial Diet
Historical era High Middle Ages Late Middle Ages
 •  Established 990
 •  Disestablished 1495
Today part of
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The Swabian Empire was a multi-ethnic collection of territories in central and southern Alisna that developed during the Early Middle Ages and continued until its dissolution in the late middle ages just as the ideas of Reformation began sweeping across the continent. The empire never achieved the extent of political unification found in the former Sessistensian Empire, instead, the Swabian Empire evolved into a decentralized, limited elective monarchy composed of hundreds of, principalities, duchies, counties, Free Imperial Cities, and other domains. The power of the emperor was limited, and although the various noble and religious leaders owed the Emperor their loyalty, namely through funding and providing levies for the Imperial army, they enjoyed many privileges not found among other landowners during the same time period and enjoyed large degrees of autonomy within their territories.

History

Formation

Early 900, saw the emergence of several large duchies namely, Rantzau, Echternach, and Wetzlar along the Stammel River. Following the death of King Otto V, the successor King Willhelm Von Barden became ruler of all three kingdoms and created the

Institutions

The Swabian Empire was not a highly centralized state like most countries today. Instead, it was divided into hundreds—of individual entities governed by kings, dukes, counts, bishops, abbots and other rulers, collectively all rulers or landowners who were subjects to the Emperor were known as princes. Additionally some areas were ruled directly by the Emperor himself. However the emperor's power outside of these imperial territories was severely limited, the emperor could not simply issue decrees and govern autonomously over the Empire as a whole.

From the its creation the Swabian Empire was marked by an uneasy coexistence between the position of the Emperor and of the princes of the local territories who were struggling to gain as much autonomy as possible. In order to prevent being deposed Emperors were repeatedly forced to make concessions and grant more and more autonomy to local rulers. Several Emperors throughout its history attempted to reverse this steady dissolution of their authority, but were stopped both by religious actions of the church and by the princes of the Empire.

Imperial Territories

The number of territories in the empire was staggering, peaking at some 450 states in 1106. Many of these small states were little more than a few square miles, or included several non-contiguous pieces. Territories were considered Imperial if, the territory had no higher authority governing than the Emperor himself.

  • Territories ruled by a hereditary nobleman, such as a prince, archduke, duke, or count.
  • Territories in which secular authority was held by a clerical dignitary, such as an archbishop, bishop, or abbot. Such a cleric was a prince of the church. In the common case of a prince-bishop, this temporal territory (called a prince-bishopric) frequently overlapped with his often-larger ecclesiastical diocese, giving the bishop both civil and clerical powers.
  • Free imperial cities, which were subject only to the jurisdiction of the emperor.