Van Luxemburger Marine
|Van Luxemburger Marine|
|Active||1671 - present|
80 ships (incl. mine countermeasure vessels and supply vessels, excluding minor auxiliaries)
207 aircraft (incl. orders) and 153 rotorcraft
The Van Luxemburger Marine (Lëtzbeuergesch: Groussherzogliche Marine), also often named the Grand-Ducal Marine after its native name, is the navy of Van Luxemburg. It is the second branch of the armed forces of Van Luxemburg in terms of size and budget, and can be identified as a green-water navy, despite of it being in possession of a single aircraft carrier. Its primary operating area is usually defined as Maredoratica and nearby continents.
The early history of the Grand-Ducal Marine can be traced back to Annabeeker and Arvaglian naval fleets, built to explore Maredoratica and trade with the population of various port towns, as well as defend their own lands. After the Arméi reform of 1671, when all private military assets were organised into a national armed forces organisation, the Marine replaced private fleets in order to better organise the defence of the Grand Duchy. Even though the Marine was of considerable strength, its assets were hardly ever used besides escorting trade ships. Over the last century, the Marine had to trade in a majority of its strength, as part of the neutrality of Van Luxemburg and the reduced threats to their territory. The naval forces were reformed into what could be seen as a defence force that was able to intervene abroad for short periods of time in 1984, following considerable pressure from several political parties.
The Marineacademie in Watermaal is responsible for the training and instruction of Van Luxemburger naval officers. A second academy is the Marineschoul fir Ënnerséikrich (Navy School for Underwater Warfare) in Venezia, which provides training solely for submarine officers and crew. Both schools are open to foreign candidates.
The Van Luxemburger Marine is organised in 2 fleets, as well as several services. While the fleets might be organised, they are hardly ever seen operating together. Special task forces are created for specific tasks, rather than using an entire fleet for a specific task.
The Marine's submarine service has command over all submarine vessels, even though these vessels also belong to their respective fleets since the Marine reform of 1984. The submarine service was however retained, primarily in the form of distinguishing insignias (a gold or silver dolphin, depending on the rank).
Mine Countermeasure Service
The Mine Countermeasure Service operates all minehunters and minesweepers of the Grand-Ducal Marine. These ships are never part of a fleet due to their limited effectiveness in actual combat, and are mostly used in national waters and beyond to keep shipping lanes free of explosives. The mine countermeasure vessels are however often also used as offshore patrol vessels, and its crews have been trained for customs and coast guard duties, as normally executed by the Van Luxemburger Marechaussee.
Hydrographical Surveying Service
The HSS of the Grand-Ducal Marine is responsible for the mapping of Van Luxemburger national waters and nearby international waters, as well as maritime pilot duties for both military and civilian ships in Van Luxemburger waters. The Meteorological Institute of the Marine also belongs to this service, and is responsible for predicting weather and analysing climate changes at sea.
The Marine Loft Dienst or Naval Air arm is a service of the Marine that, together with the Arméi Loft Dienst/Army Air Arm, makes up the Van Luxemburger Air Force, which theoretically does not exist. It operates all aircraft that are necessary for the Marine's operation, including helicopters and fixed-wing aircraft on board their vessels. Furthermore, it operates several ground-based aircraft configured in naval surveillance roles, as well as large tanker and transport aircraft jointly operated with the ALD in the 322 (Joint) Transport Squadron.
Van Luxemburg has 2 fleets, of which one operates a conventional take-off-and-landing (CTOL) carrier. This fleet has received the role of Rapid Response Fleet and is usually on patrol around Maredoratica (in two-week intervals), making it the most prominent Van Luxemburger naval unit in the international scene. The other fleet is primarily used for homeland defense and patrols, and its ships often leave port individually or in smaller taskforces, rather than in a fleet.
- Rapid Response Fleet
- Headquarters based in Soligo, Arvaglio.
- The RRF is responsible for the Van Luxemburger naval presence in Maredoratic waters and, if necessary, other regions. In normal situations, the fleet will remain at sea for two weeks, before returning to Soligo for a two-week break. Occasionally, the RRF makes use of the ports of friendly nations when it is not in a position to return to its home port.
- The fleet has 17 warships and 3 logistical vessels. This includes the ZMS Weiningen, Van Luxemburg's sole supercarrier, 3 ships with amphibious capabilities (currently the Aubach, Bensbach and Langfeld), the guided missile cruiser Lormont, 2 destroyers (the Pieter Corneliszn and Senneville), 6 frigates (the Gutenburg, San Giustra, Venezia, Neunhausen, Martigues and Pessac and 4 diesel-electric submarines (E89 through E92). It is usually supported by the rpelenishment ships Perret, Zwijndrecht and Seborga. The RRF will be split up in two distinct taskforces, one centered around the supercarrier Weiningen, the other around the cruiser Lormont.
- Marmorian Fleet
- Headquarters based in Watermaal, Sint-Annabeek
- The Marmorian fleet is responsible for the defence of the seas directly surrounding Van Luxemburg. Its flagship is the large amphibious assault vessel Arvaglio. All ships not under the command of the RRF are the responsibility of the Marmorian Fleet.
The Van Luxemburger Marine is a typical green-water navy. Its primary focus is the defence of the Van Luxemburger islands, and therefore has a large amount of relatively small ships. It however also has a considerable amphibious capability, making it intervention-capable. For this task, it has 1 large LHD that also allows for VSTOL aviation, along with 4 smaller amphibious ships, two of them being LHD's providing helicopter support. Furthermore, 1 of its support ships also has amphibious landing capabilities, while 1 more of this class is planned. The reason why the Van Luxemburger Marine capitalises upon amphibious capabilities is the piracy threat across Maredoratica, for which these ships are often used as mobile naval bases.
Next to the amphibious capabilities, the Marine operates one supercarrier, the ZMS Weiningen. It shares its base design with the largest LHD in Van Luxemburger service, but is equipped with catapults and a larger aviation hangar, making it an actual aircraft carrier, as opposed to her cousin. Furthermore, the Marine operates one cruiser (one of the last gun cruisers operated in Maredoratica), but this vessel will be decommissioned without replacement in the near future. A second cruiser was recently sunk by a seamine during the Vertou conflict, in which Van Luxemburg was neutral. The Marine also operates 4 destroyers, 18 frigates and 10 corvettes. The submarine service consists highly advanced Diesel-Electric submarines, of which there are 10, including four with advanced AIP technology. Only 2 out of 49 large warships in Van Luxemburger service have nuclear propulsion. Also, the Marine operates 5 supply ships (with 2 more planned) and numerous smaller auxiliary ships.
Aircraft mentioned here are part of the Marine Loft Dienst (MLD), unless otherwise specified.
|Rousseau HT-08||Van Luxemburg||Naval helicopter||87|
|Rousseau HT-87||Van Luxemburg||Utility helicopter||45|
|Monteluci Astore||Van Luxemburg||Multirole Fighter Aircraft||24 (+26)|
|KMF F/A-9E Lanario||Sondstead/ Van Luxemburg||Multirole Fighter Aircraft||58 (+22)|
|MARADS Falco M2-N||Van Luxemburg||Carrier-capable trainer||12|
|Monteluci Condor||Van Luxemburg||Multipurpose aircraft||6|
|SACAM Cormorano||Van Luxemburg||Multipurpose aircraft||28|
|Schmolz+Bickenbach T.93||Van Luxemburg||Multipurpose aircraft||4|
|Schmolz+Bickenbach T.59||Van Luxemburg||Light utility aircraft/Maritime patrol||16|
|Rousseau A-89||Van Luxemburg||Liaison and cargo aircraft||3|
|Rousseau A-68||Van Luxemburg||Light STOL utility aircraft||4|
|Monteluci A100||Van Luxemburg||VIP aircraft||4|
|Walter/VLT Surveyor||Van Luxemburg||UAV||21|