Yamato Communist Party
|General Secretary||Mō Dakutō|
|Founded||1 May 1922|
|Newspaper||Gō-I ("Five-One" or "May Day")|
|Student wing||Zengakuren ("All-Students' Alliance")|
|Youth wing||YCP Youth League|
|Anthem||Listen! Workers of the World!|
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The Yamato Communist Party (大和共産党, Yamato Kyōsantō) is a Taihei communist party founded in 1922. It is the largest opposition party in Taihei Tengoku and one of the largest non-governing communist parties in the world.
The Socialist International founded the Yamato Communist Party on May Day, 1922 at its 57th Congress at St. Lo. As the Taihei government banned Communist parties through the test act, the YCP first operated in Alisna and Jungastia around a core of exiled socialist intellectuals and labor leaders. The YCP covertly intervened in labor disputes by backing sympathetic factions against various parts of the National System. The YCP also set up underground cells of socialist cadres in cities as vanguards for a future communist revolution. Though the YCP successfully established itself as the principal leftist party in the country, none of the party's founders would return to Taihei Tengoku in their lifetimes. Furthermore, a debate on scientific planning in the late 1930s led to fraction within the party, with many party members abandoning socialist material planning as outlined in the Party's manifesto for the extant system being established in the National System. A large faction thus defected to the Dōmeitō, the right-wing/statist ruling party of Taihei Tengoku and severely weakening the YCP's relative power.
Prospects improved for the YCP as Taihei Tengoku instigated the Confronto against Ruccola in 1956. Initial support for the war quickly waned in the face of Taihei operational failures and punitive Maredoratic League sanctions. Communist cadres led anti-war campaigns and engaged in low-level sabotage against the war effort. The central committee also made a tactical alliance with the Rikken Aikokusha party against the ruling Dōmeitō, which had access to public legitimacy and influence within the Taihei government, both of which the YCP lacked. In return, the YCP gave the RA the popular mass needed to enter the Final Court and mount an effective opposition to the National System. Running as the left wing of the first Rikken Aikokusha, YCP members were able to bypass the test act and enter the Final Court as RA members. By the end of the Confronto (and the Dōmeitō supermajority) in 1965, about half of the RA membership in the Final Court consisted of Communist Party entryists, and the Dōmeitō, its longtime enemy, appeared on the verge of collapse.
However, the collapse of the Dōmeitō ironically set in motion a chain of events which consigned the YCP to the margins of Yamato politics. The first act of the Rikken Aikokusha/crypto-YCP majority modified the test act to legalize the YCP. As crypto-communist members of the RA now declared their intention to stand for re-election as Communists in the next tranche, the neoliberal wing of the RA, led by Ri Kou You, moved to reconcile with the remnants of the Dōmeitō as the National System neared its end. He allowed members of the Dōmeitō to enter the party and offered to preserve much of the personnel infrastructure of bureaucrats, judges, and connections of the National System, on the condition that they would support his coronation to the Regency and accept the Rikken Aikokusha. Ri thus engineered a rapid rightward shift of the RA by allowing YCP entryists to leave to the left to be replaced by Dōmeitō defectors from the right. This "purge" of the RA provoked acrimonious dispute between the neoliberal party core and the communist activist wing at the 1966 party congress. However, at that point it was too late: too many communists had already announced their intention to leave for the YCP for the left wing to mount an effective defense against the reinforced right. A revision of the party platform and internal bylaws established the RA as a purely liberal party and removed the remaining crypto-Communists from the organization.
Ri's betrayal of the YCP devastated the party's national standings in 1967. Many of the authoritarian public order laws from the National System were yet to be repealed, which removed its most charismatic but most radical candidates from competing in the metropolitan single-member districts and favored the more urbane reformists of the neoliberal faction. In the commandery party-list elections, the Rikken Aikokusha's reputation for ending the war and the League sanctions proved much stronger than the newcomer YCP's socialist platform, even though it contained many of the same policies the wartime RA endorsed. The Communists were driven out of the Final Court and were completely unable to oppose Ri Kou You's coronation as Wing King in 1968. With the RA at the peak of its parliamentary power and its most powerful judge given lifetime power, the YCP was no more than a marginal party in Yamato politics until the 1980s.
The YCP is administered as a vanguard party, with a national central committee overseeing its parliamentarians and regional cadres of party members overseeing election campaigns and local organization.